Observation of the associated production of a top quark and a Z boson in pp collisions at p s = 13 TeV with the ATLAS detector
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Hadron-Hadron scattering (experiments)
The ATLAS collaboration., Aad, G., Abbott, B. et al. Observation of the associated production of a top quark and a Z boson in pp collisions at s√= 13 TeV with the ATLAS detector. J. High Energ. Phys. 2020, 124 (2020). [https://doi.org/10.1007/JHEP07(2020)124]
SponsorshipANPCyT; YerPhI, Armenia; Australian Research Council; BMWFW, Austria; Austrian Science Fund (FWF); Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences (ANAS); SSTC, Belarus; National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq); Fundacao de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado de Sao Paulo (FAPESP); Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada; NRC, Canada; Canada Foundation for Innovation; CERN; Comision Nacional de Investigacion Cientifica y Tecnologica (CONICYT); Chinese Academy of Sciences; Ministry of Science and Technology, China; National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC); Departamento Administrativo de Ciencia, Tecnologia e Innovacion Colciencias; Ministry of Education, Youth & Sports - Czech Republic Czech Republic Government; DNRF, Denmark; Danish Natural Science Research Council; Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS); CEA-DRF/IRFU, France; SRNSFG, Georgia; Federal Ministry of Education & Research (BMBF); HGF, Germany; Max Planck Society; Greek Ministry of Development-GSRT; RGC, China; Hong Kong SAR, China; Israel Science Foundation; Benoziyo Center, Israel; Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN); Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, Japan (MEXT) Japan Society for the Promotion Science; CNRST, Morocco; Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) Netherlands Government; RCN, Norway; Ministry of Science and Higher Education, Poland; NCN, Poland; Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology; MNE/IFA, Romania; MES of Russia, Russia Federation; NRC KI, Russia Federation; JINR; MESTD, Serbia; MSSR, Slovakia; Slovenian Research Agency - Slovenia; MIZS, Slovenia; DST/NRF, South Africa; MINECO, Spain; SRC, Sweden; Wallenberg Foundation, Sweden; SERI, Switzerland; Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF); Canton of Bern, Switzerland; Canton of Geneva, Switzerland; Ministry of Science and Technology, Taiwan; Ministry of Energy & Natural Resources - Turkey; Science & Technology Facilities Council (STFC); United States Department of Energy (DOE); National Science Foundation (NSF); BCKDF, Canada; CANARIE, Canada; Compute Canada, Canada; CRC, Canada; European Union (EU) European Research Council (ERC); Horizon 2020, European Union; COST, European Union; French National Research Agency (ANR); German Research Foundation (DFG); Alexander von Humboldt Foundation; Herakleitos programme - EU-ESF, Greece; Thales programme - EU-ESF, Greece; Aristeia programme - EU-ESF, Greece; Greek NSRF, Greece; BSF-NSF, Israel; German-Israeli Foundation for Scientific Research and Development; CERCA Programme Generalitat de Catalunya, Spain; PROMETEO Programme Generalitat Valenciana, Spain; Goran Gustafssons Stiftelse, Sweden; Royal Society of London; Leverhulme Trust
Single top-quark production in association with a Z boson, where the Z boson decays to a pair of charged leptons, is measured in the trilepton channel. The proton-proton collision data collected by the ATLAS experiment from 2015 to 2018 at a centre-of-mass energy of 13 TeV are used, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 139 fb−1. Events containing three isolated charged leptons (electrons or muons) and two or three jets, one of which is identified as containing a b-hadron, are selected. The main backgrounds are from tt¯Z and diboson production. Neural networks are used to improve the background rejection and extract the signal. The measured cross-section for tℓ+ℓ−q production, including non-resonant dilepton pairs with mℓ+ℓ− > 30 GeV, is 97 ± 13 (stat.) ± 7 (syst.) fb, consistent with the Standard Model prediction.