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dc.contributor.authorLópez Valverde, Nansi
dc.contributor.authorBravo Pérez, Manuel 
dc.date.accessioned2020-11-23T07:25:25Z
dc.date.available2020-11-23T07:25:25Z
dc.date.issued2020
dc.identifier.citationLópez-Valverde N, Muriel-Fernández J, López-Valverde A, Valero-Juan LF, Ramírez JM, Flores-Fraile J, Herrero-Payo J, Blanco-Antona LA, Macedo-de-Sousa B, Bravo M. Use of Virtual Reality for the Management of Anxiety and Pain in Dental Treatments: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Journal of Clinical Medicine. 2020; 9(10):3086. [https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm9103086]es_ES
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10481/64417
dc.description.abstract(1) Background: Dental treatments often cause pain and anxiety in patients. Virtual reality (VR) is a novel procedure that can provide distraction during dental procedures or prepare patients to receive such type of treatments. This meta-analysis is the first to gather evidence on the effectiveness of VR on the reduction of pain (P) and dental anxiety (DA) in patients undergoing dental treatment, regardless of age. (2) Methods: MEDLINE, CENTRAL, PubMed, EMBASE, Wiley Library and Web of Science were searched for scientific articles in November 2019. The keywords used were: “virtual reality”, “distraction systems”, “dental anxiety” and “pain”. Studies where VR was used for children and adults as a measure against anxiety and pain during dental treatments were included. VR was defined as a three-dimensional environment that provides patients with a sense of immersion, transporting them to appealing and interactive settings. Anxiety and pain results were assessed during dental treatments where VR was used and in standard care situations. (3) Results: 32 studies were identified, of which 8 met the inclusion criteria. The effect of VR in children was significant, both for anxiety (standardized mean difference (SMD) = −1.75) and pain (SMD = −1.46). (4) Conclusions: The findings of the meta-analysis show that VR is an effective distraction method to reduce pain and anxiety in patients undergoing a variety of dental treatments; however, further research on VR as a tool to prepare patients for dental treatment is required because of the scarcity of studies in this area.es_ES
dc.language.isoenges_ES
dc.publisherMDPIes_ES
dc.rightsAtribución 3.0 España*
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/es/*
dc.subjectVirtual reality es_ES
dc.subjectDistraction systemses_ES
dc.subjectDental anxietyes_ES
dc.subjectPain es_ES
dc.titleUse of Virtual Reality for the Management of Anxiety and Pain in Dental Treatments: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysises_ES
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/articlees_ES
dc.rights.accessRightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccesses_ES
dc.identifier.doi10.3390/jcm9103086


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Atribución 3.0 España
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Atribución 3.0 España