Hydrotherapy for the Treatment of Pain in People withMultiple Sclerosis: A Randomized Controlled Trial
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AuthorCastro Sánchez, Adelaida María; Matarán Peñarrocha, Guillermo Adolfo; Lara Palomo, Inmaculada; Saavedra Hernández, Manuel; Arroyo Morales, Manuel; Moreno Lorenzo, Carmen
Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Adelaida María Castro-Sánchez, Guillermo A. Matarán-Peñarrocha, Inmaculada Lara-Palomo, Manuel Saavedra-Hernández, Manuel Arroyo-Morales, Carmen Moreno-Lorenzo, "Hydrotherapy for the Treatment of Pain in People with Multiple Sclerosis: A Randomized Controlled Trial", Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol. 2012, Article ID 473963, 8 pages, 2012. [https://doi.org/10.1155/2012/473963]
Background. Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic demyelinating neurological disease. Several studies have reported that complementary and alternative therapies can have positive effects against pain in these patients. Objective. The objective was to investigate the effectiveness of an Ai-Chi aquatic exercise program against pain and other symptoms in MS patients. Methods. In this randomized controlled trial, 73MS patients were randomly assigned to an experimental or control group for a 20-week treatment program. The experimental group underwent 40 sessions of Ai-Chi exercise in swimming pool and the control group 40 sessions of abdominal breathing and contraction-relaxation exercises in therapy room. Outcome variables were pain, disability, spasm, depression, fatigue, and autonomy, which were assessed before the intervention and immediately and at 4 and 10weeks after the last treatment session. Results. The experimental group showed a significant (P < 0.028) and clinically relevant decrease in pain intensity versus baseline, with an immediate posttreatment reduction in median visual analogue scale scores of 50% that was maintained for up to 10weeks. Significant improvements were also observed in spasm, fatigue, disability, and autonomy. Conclusion. According to these findings, an Ai-Chi aquatic exercise program improves pain, spasms, disability, fatigue, depression, and autonomy in MS patients.