Tectonic evolution of the Eastern Moroccan Meseta: from Late Devonian fore-arc sedimentation to Early Carboniferous collision of an Avalonian promontory
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AuthorAccotto, Cristina; Martínez Poyatos, David Jesús; Azor Pérez, Antonio; Jabaloy Sánchez, Antonio; Talavera Rodríguez, Cristina; Evans, Noreen J.; Azdimousa, A.
Wiley; American Geophysical Union
Eastern Moroccan MesetaEovariscan tectonic evolutionDetrital zirconsDebdou-Mekkam MassifsProvenanceGeochronology
Published version: Accotto, C., Martínez Poyatos, D., Azor,A., Jabaloy‐Sánchez, A., Talavera, C.,Evans, N. J., & Azdimousa, A. (2020).Tectonic evolution of the EasternMoroccan Meseta: From Late Devonianforearc sedimentation to EarlyCarboniferous collision of an Avalonianpromontory.Tectonics,38,e2019TC005976. [https://doi.org/10.1029/2019TC005976]
SponsorshipMinisterio de Economia y Competitividad (MINECO) of Spain CGL2015-71692-P BES-2016-078168; Australian Geophysical Observing System; Australian Education Investment Fund program AQ44; Australian Research Council LE150100013
The deformed Paleozoic succession of the Eastern Moroccan Meseta crops out in relativelysmall and isolated inliers surrounded by Mesozoic and Cenozoic rocks. Two of the largest inliers(Mekkam and Debdou) are characterized by a monotonous succession of slates and greywackes affected bypolyphasic folding that occurred at low‐to very low grade metamorphic conditions. New U‐Pb ages ondetrital zircon grains from the Debdou‐Mekkam metasediments constrain the maximal depositional age asLate Devonian, interpreted to be close to the true sedimentation age. Furthermore, theεHfvalues of theDevonian detrital zircons, together with the presence of a series of scattered zircon grains with ages betweenc. 0.9 and c. 1.9 Ga, suggest provenance from a subduction‐related magmatic arc located on the Avalonianmargin. The Debdou‐Mekkam massif is characterized by an Early Carboniferousfirst deformationalevent (D1), which gave way to a pervasive cleavage (S1) associated with plurikilometric‐scale, tight toisoclinal, overturned to recumbent folds. Later events (Dc) occurred at Late Carboniferous time andgenerated variably developed crenulation cleavages (Sc) associated with variously oriented metric‐tokilometric‐scale folds, which complicate the pattern of both D1 intersection lineations (L1) and axial traces.The restoration of this pronounced curved pattern yields originally SW‐NE‐oriented D1 fold axes withregional SE‐vergence. This important Early Carboniferous shortening and SE‐directed tectonic transport canbe explained by closure of the Rheic Ocean and thefirst phases of the collision between the northern passivemargin of Gondwana and an Avalonian promontory.