No Signifcant Efect of Coulomb Stress on the Gutenberg-Richter Law after the Landers Earthquake
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Navas-Portella, V., Jiménez, A., & Corral, Á. (2020). No significant effect of Coulomb stress on the Gutenberg-Richter Law after the Landers Earthquake. Scientific reports, 10(1), 1-13. [https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-59416-2]
SponsorshipSpanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness (MINECO, Spain), through the "Maria de Maeztu" Program for Units of Excellence in R D MDM-2014-0445; MINECO FIS2015-71851-P FIS-PGC2018-099629-B-I00 MAT2015-69777-REDT; MICIU FIS2015-71851-P FIS-PGC2018-099629-B-I00 MAT2015-69777-REDT
Coulomb-stress theory has been used for years in seismology to understand how earthquakes trigger each other. Whenever an earthquake occurs, the stress feld changes, and places with positive increases are brought closer to failure. Earthquake models that relate earthquake rates and Coulomb stress after a main event, such as the rate-and-state model, assume that the magnitude distribution of earthquakes is not afected by the change in the Coulomb stress. By using diferent slip models, we calculate the change in Coulomb stress in the fault plane for every aftershock after the Landers event (California, USA, 1992, moment magnitude 7.3). Applying several statistical analyses to test whether the distribution of magnitudes is sensitive to the sign of the Coulomb-stress increase, we are not able to fnd any signifcant efect. Further, whereas the events with a positive increase of the stress are characterized by a much larger proportion of strike-slip events in comparison with the seismicity previous to the mainshock, the events happening despite a decrease in Coulomb stress show no relevant diferences in focal-mechanism distribution with respect to previous seismicity.