Resilient Resources in Youth Athletes and Their Relationship with Anxiety in Different Team Sports
MetadatosAfficher la notice complète
AuteurGonzález Hernández, Juan
González-Hernández, J., Gomariz-Gea, M., Valero-Valenzuela, A., & Gómez-López, M. (2020). Resilient Resources in Youth Athletes and Their Relationship with Anxiety in Different Team Sports. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(15), 5569. [doi:10.3390/ijerph17155569]
PatrocinadorRoyal Spanish Handball Federation (RFEBM)
The objective of this study is to show the links and differences in the expressions of competitive anxiety in the face of the existence of resilient resources in young athletes, according to sporting (years of experience) and personal (gender) characteristics. To meet these aims, the participants answered the Resilience Scale (RS-14) and the Competitive State Anxiety Inventory-2R (CSAI-2R). The sample consisted of 241 adolescent handball and basketball players between 14 and 17 years old. Different analyses were performed, including a differential and multivariate descriptive, a correlation, and a multiple regression. The results showed that anxiety was negatively related to resilience in its acceptance dimension. It was shown that girls showed higher levels of somatic anxiety, while boys showed higher levels of acceptance. Statistically significant differences were found in the resources for acceptance in favor of boys, while there were significantly different indicators in somatic anxiety and self-confidence in favor of girls. The sports experience was positively related to resilience and negatively to anxiety. Although the existence of indicators of cognitive anxiety (e.g., recurrent thoughts or rhyming), coaches and athletes need to understand that they are also indicators of a necessary activation for psychological functioning. Channeling such a process through psychological training of different skills will enhance the capacities for self-confidence.