Dietary Diversity and Prostate Cancer in a Spanish Adult Population: CAPLIFE Study
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AuthorCano Ibáñez, Naomi; Barrios Rodríguez, Rocío; Lozano Lorca, Macarena; Salcedo Bellido, Inmaculada; Jiménez Moleón, José Juan; Olmedo Requena, Rocío
Prostate cancerDietary diversityNutrient adequacyCAPLIFE studyCase-control study
Cano-Ibáñez, N., Barrios-Rodríguez, R., Lozano-Lorca, M., Vázquez-Alonso, F., Arrabal-Martín, M., Triviño-Juárez, J. M., ... & Olmedo-Requena, R. (2020). Dietary Diversity and Prostate Cancer in a Spanish Adult Population: CAPLIFE Study. Nutrients, 12(6). [doi:10.3390/nu12061694]
SponsorshipRegional Ministry of Health of Andalusia (Consejeria de Salud de la Junta de Andalucia) PI-0514-2016
Dietary diversity (DD) is a key component of a high-quality diet, providing the adequate nutrient requirements. However, the role of DD on prostate cancer (PCa) is still uncertain. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between DD, adequate nutrient intake and PCa, according to the aggressiveness of the tumor. The CAPLIFE (CAP: prostate cancer; LIFE: lifestyles) study is a population-based case-control study including a total of 402 incident PCa cases and 302 controls. The DD score (DDS), adjusted by total energy intake, was collected through a validated food frequency questionnaire. Nutrient adequacy was defined according to European Dietary Recommendation Intake for men. The aggressiveness of PCa was determined according to the International Society of Urology Pathology classification. The association between DDS, nutrient intake and PCa was assessed by logistic regression models with adjustment for potential confounding factors. DDS was similar for PCa cases and controls, independent of PCa aggressiveness. According to each food group DDS, the protein group showed the highest mean score in all the subgroups analyzed. However, no differences were observed for each of the DDS components. The DDS, the variety of the group’s food intake, and the adequate nutrient intake, were not associated with PCa.