Burnout in Nursing Managers: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Related Factors, Levels and Prevalence
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AuthorMembrive Jiménez, María José; Pradas-Hernández, Laura; Suleiman Martos, Nora; Vargas Román, Keyla; Cañadas De La Fuente, Guillermo Arturo; Gómez Urquiza, Jose Luis; Fuente Solana, Emilia I. De La
BurnoutNursing managementOccupational healthPrevalenceRisk factors
Membrive-Jiménez, M. J., Pradas-Hernández, L., Suleiman-Martos, N., Vargas-Román, K., Gomez-Urquiza, J. L., la Fuente-Solana, D., & Emilia, I. (2020). Burnout in Nursing Managers: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Related Factors, Levels and Prevalence. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(11), 3983. [DOI: 10.3390/ijerph17113983]
SponsorshipJunta de Andalucia P11HUM-7771
Burnout syndrome is a major problem in occupational health, which also affects nursing managers. The main aim was to analyze the level, prevalence and risk factors of burnout among nursing managers. A systematic review with meta-analysis was conducted. The databases used were Medline (Pubmed), PsycINFO, CINAHL, LILACS, Scielo and Scopus. The search equation was “burnout AND nurs* AND (health manager OR case managers)”. Nursing managers present high levels of emotional exhaustion and a high degree of depersonalization. Some studies show that variables like age, gender, marital status, having children or mobbing and other occupational factors are related with burnout. The prevalence estimation of emotional exhaustion with the meta-analysis was high; 29% (95% CI = 9–56) with a sample of n = 780 nursing managers. The meta-analytical estimation of the correlation between burnout and age was r = −0.07 (95% CI = −0.23–0.08). Work overload, the need to mediate personnel conflicts, lack of time and support from superior staff, contribute to the development of burnout among nursing managers.