Absolute and relative reliability of pain sensitivity and functional outcomes of the affected shoulder among women with pain after breast cancer treatment
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Rasmussen GHF, Kristiansen M, ArroyoMorales M, Voigt M, Madeleine P (2020) Absolute and relative reliability of pain sensitivity and functional outcomes of the affected shoulder among women with pain after breast cancer treatment. PLoS ONE 15(6): e0234118. [https://doi. org/10.1371/journal.pone.0234118]
Sponsorship: GHFR, PM, MK and MV received a grant (grant nr. R204-A12469) from the Danish Cancer Society (URL: https://www.cancer.dk/). The grant covered salary and equipment expenses. The funder had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.
Objective Breast cancer survivors (BCS) are often characterized by decreased pressure pain thresholds (PPT), range of motion (ROM) and strength in and around the shoulder affected by the treatment. This intra-rater reliability study was to establish the relative and absolute reliability of PPT’s, active ROM and maximal isokinetic muscle strength (MIMS) of the affected shoulder in BCS with persistent pain after treatment. Methods Twenty-one BCS participated in the study. The PPTs of 17 locations and pain intensity were assessed using a pressure algometer and a numeric rating scale. The ROM was measured using a universal goniometer and MIMS was measured using an isokinetic dynamometer. Relative reliability was estimated using intra class correlation coefficient (ICC), and absolute reliability using standard error of measurement (SEM). Minimum detectable change (MDC) was calculated from SEM. Results The ICCs for PPTs ranged from 0.88–0.97, with SEM values ranging from 12.0 to 28.2 kPa and MDC ranging from 33.2 to 78.2 kPa. The ICCs for ROM ranged from 0.66–0.97, with SEM values ranging from 3.0 to 7.5˚ and MDC ranging from 8.4 to 20.8˚. Finally, ICCs for MIMS ranged from 0.62–0.92, with SEM values ranging from 0.03 to 0.07 Nm/Kg FFM and MDC ranging from 0.09 to 0.19 Nm/kg FFM. Conclusion The results of this study indicate that PPTs, ROM and MIMS can be measured reliably on the affected shoulder in BCS with pain after treatment. This offer the possibility of using these measures to assess the effectiveness of interventions in this population.