Step-Based Metrics and Overall Physical Activity in Children With Overweight or Obesity: Cross-Sectional Study
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AuthorMigueles, Jairo H; Cadenas Sánchez, Cristina; Aguiar, Elroy J; Molina-García, Pablo; Solis-Urra, Patricio; Mora González, José Rafael; García Mármol, Eduardo; Shiroma, Eric J; Labayen, Idoia; Chillón Garzón, Palma; Löf, Marie; Tudor-Locke, Catrine; Ortega Porcel, Francisco Bartolomé
Motion sensorPedometerSedentary behaviorMVPACadence
Migueles JH, Cadenas-Sanchez C, Aguiar EJ, Molina-Garcia P, Solis-Urra P, Mora-Gonzalez J, García-Mármol E, Shiroma EJ, Labayen I, Chillón P, Löf M, Tudor-Locke C, Ortega FB Step-Based Metrics and Overall Physical Activity in Children With Overweight or Obesity: Cross-Sectional Study JMIR Mhealth Uhealth 2020;8(4):e14841 [DOI: 10.2196/14841]
SponsorshipMINECO (Ministerio de Economia y COmpetitividad)/FEDER (Fondo Europeo de DEsarrollo Regional) DEP2013-47540 DEP2016-79512-R RYC-2011-09011; Spanish Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport FPU15/02645 FPU14/06837; Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness BES-2014-068829; European Union (EU) 667302; University of Granada, Plan Propio de Investigacion 2016, Excellence action: Units of Excellence University of Granada, Plan Propio de Investigacion 2016, Excellence action: Unit of Excellence on Exercise and Health (UCEES); Junta de Andalucia SOMM17/6107/UGR RD16/0022; Consejeria de Conocimiento, Investigacion y Universidades SOMM17/6107/UGR RD16/0022; European Union (EU) SOMM17/6107/UGR RD16/0022; SAMID III (red de SAlud Materno Infantil y Desarrollo) network, RETICS (REdes Tematicas de Investigacion Cooperativa en Salud) - PN (Plan Nacional) I+D+I (Investigacion + Desarrollo + Innovacion) 2017-2021 (Spain); ISCIII (Instituto de Salud Carlos III)-Sub-Directorate General for Research Assessment and Promotion DEP2005-00046/ACTI; EXERNET Research Network on Exercise and Health in Special Populations DEP2005-00046/ACTI; Intramural Research Program at the National Institute on Aging, USA
Background: Best-practice early interventions to increase physical activity (PA) in children with overweight and obesity should be both feasible and evidence based. Walking is a basic human movement pattern that is practical, cost-effective, and does not require complex movement skills. However, there is still a need to investigate how much walking—as a proportion of total PA level—is performed by children who are overweight and obese in order to determine its utility as a public health strategy. Objective: This study aimed to (1) investigate the proportion of overall PA indicators that are explained by step-based metrics and (2) study step accumulation patterns relative to achievement of public health recommendations in children who are overweight and obese. Methods: A total of 105 overweight and obese children (mean 10.1 years of age [SD 1.1]; 43 girls) wore hip-worn accelerometers for 7 days. PA volumes were derived using the daily average of counts per 15 seconds, categorized using standard cut points for light-moderate-vigorous PA (LMVPA) and moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA). Derived step-based metrics included volume (steps/day), time in cadence bands, and peak 1-minute, 30-minute, and 60-minute cadences. Results: Steps per day explained 66%, 40%, and 74% of variance for counts per 15 seconds, LMVPA, and MVPA, respectively. The variance explained was increased up to 80%, 92%, and 77% by including specific cadence bands and peak cadences. Children meeting the World Health Organization recommendation of 60 minutes per day of MVPA spent less time at zero cadence and more time in cadence bands representing sporadic movement to brisk walking (ie, 20-119 steps/min) than their less-active peers. Conclusions: Step-based metrics, including steps per day and various cadence-based metrics, seem to capture a large proportion of PA for children who are overweight and obese. Given the availability of pedometers, step-based metrics could be useful in discriminating between those children who do or do not achieve MVPA recommendations.