The effect of bending on laser-cut electro-textile inductors and capacitors attached on denim as wearable structures
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AuthorEscobedo, Pablo; Pablos Florido, Jaime de; Carvajal Rodríguez, Miguel Ángel; Martínez Olmos, Antonio; Capitán Vallvey, Luis Fermín; Palma López, Alberto José
Denim fabricPlanar coil inductorInterdigitated electrode capacitor
Escobedo, P., de Pablos-Florido, J., Carvajal, M. A., Martínez- Olmos, A., Capitán- Vallvey, L. F. and Palma, A. (2020) The effect of bending on laser-cut electro-textile inductors and capacitors attached on denim as wearable structures. Textile Research Journal, (Accepted for Publication).
SponsorshipThis study was supported by projects from the Spanish government (CTQ2016-78754- C2-1-R and EQC2018-004937-P). These projects were partially supported by European Regional Development Funds (ERDF). P. Escobedo wants to thank to the Spanish Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport for a R&D predoctoral grant (FPU13/05032).
In this paper we present the design, fabrication and characterization of electro-textile inductor and capacitor patterns on denim fabric as a basis for the development of wearable e-textiles. Planar coil inductors have been harnessed as antenna structures for the development of Near Field Communication (NFC) tags with temperature sensing capability, while interdigitated electrode (IDE) capacitors have been used as humidity sensors for wearable applications. The effect of bending in the electrical performance of such structures was evaluated, showing variations below 5% in both inductance and capacitance values for bending angles in the range of interest, i.e. those fitting to human limbs. In the case of the fabricated NFC tags, a shift in the resonance frequency below 1.7% was found, meaning that the e-textile tag would still be readable by an NFC enabled smartphone. In respect of the capacitive humidity sensor, we obtained a minimum capacitance variation of 40% for a relative humidity range from 10% to 90%. Measured thermal shift was below 5% in the range from 10 to 40ºC. When compared to the 4% variation due to bending, it can be concluded that this capacitive structure can be harnessed as humidity sensor even under bending strain conditions and moderate temperature variations. The development and characterization of such structures on denim fabrics, which is one of the most popular fabrics for everyday clothing, combined with the additional advantage of affordable and easy fabrication methodologies, means a further step towards the next generation of smart e-textile products.