Scientific Performance and Mapping of the Term STEM in Education on the Web of Science
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AuthorHinojo Lucena, Francisco Javier; Dúo Terrón, Pablo; Ramos Navas-Parejo, Magdalena; Rodríguez Jiménez, Carmen; Moreno Guerrero, Antonio José
Bibliometric analysisScientific mappingWeb of ScienceEducationCo-words
Hinojo-Lucena, F. J., Dúo-Terrón, P., Ramos Navas-Parejo, M., Rodríguez-Jiménez, C., & Moreno-Guerrero, A. J. (2020). Scientific Performance and Mapping of the Term STEM in Education on the Web of Science. Sustainability, 12(6), 2279.
Technological progress is causing terms such as “STEM”, an acronym for Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics, to burst into the educational arena, marking a new era in the application of innovative and motivating teaching and learning processes. The objective of this research is to analyze the trajectory and the transcendence of the “STEM” concept in the educational field, having as reference the reported literature of Web of Science. The methodology applied in this research is based on bibliometrics, analyzing both the performance and the structural and dynamic development of the concept through a co-word analysis. The total number of documents analyzed is 4390. The results show that the scientific community mainly uses English and research papers to present their results. From 2015 onwards, the main lines of research are beginning to be established, which focus on “women” and “science”. It can be concluded that the term “STEM” in education is beginning to have a greater incidence and impact on the processes of teaching and learning, especially in the field of science, although there are currently discrepancies between men and women in its use.