IEEE 1588 High Accuracy Default Profile: Applications and Challenges
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AuthorGirela López, Eloy; López Jiménez, José; Jiménez López, Miguel; Rodríguez, Rafael; Ros Vidal, Eduardo; Díaz Alonso, Antonio Javier
GPS backupHigh accuracy profileTime disseminationPrecision time protocolWhite rabbit
Girela-López, F., López-Jiménez, J., Jiménez-López, M., Rodríguez, R., Ros, E., & Díaz, J. (2020). IEEE 1588 High Accuracy Default Profile: Applications and Challenges. IEEE Access, 8, 45211-45220.
SponsorshipThis work was supported in part by the AMIGA6 under Grant AYA2015-65973-C3-2-R, in part by the AMIGA7 under Grant RTI2018-096228-B-C32, and in part by the Torres Quevedo under Grant PTQ2018-010198.
Highly accurate synchronization has become a major requirement because of the rise of distributed applications, regulatory requests and position, navigation and timing backup needs. This fact has led to the development of new technologies which fulfill the new requirements in terms of accuracy and dependability. Nevertheless, some of these novel proposals have lacked determinism, robustness, interoperability, deployability, scalability or management tools preventing them to be extensively used in real industrial scenarios. Different segments require accurate timing information over a large number of nodes. Due to the high availability and low price of global satellite-based time references, many critical distributed facilities depend on them. However, the vulnerability to jamming or spoofing represents a well-known threat and back-up systems need to be deployed to mitigate it. The recently approved draft standard IEEE 1588-2019 includes the High Accuracy Default Precision Time Protocol Profile which is intensively based on the White Rabbit protocol. White Rabbit is an extension of current IEEE 1588-2008 network synchronization protocol for sub-nanosecond synchronization. This approach has been validated and intensively used during the last years. This paper revises the pre-standard protocol to expose the challenges that the High Accuracy profile will find after its release and covers existing applications, promising deployments and the technological roadmap, providing hints and an overview of features to be studied. The authors review different issues that have prevented the industrial adoption of White Rabbit in the past and introduce the latest developments that will facilitate the next IEEE 1588 High Accuracy extensive adoption.