Water Exercise and Quality of Life in Pregnancy: A Randomised Clinical Trial
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AuthorRodríguez Blanque, Raquel; Marín Jiménez, Ana Eugenia; Aguilar Cordero, Josefa; Menor Rodríguez, María José; Montiel Troya, María; Sánchez García, Juan Carlos
Pregnant womanPhysical activityQuality of lifeExercise
Rodríguez-Blanque, R., Aguilar-Cordero, M. J., Marín-Jiménez, A. E., Menor-Rodríguez, M. J., Montiel-Troya, M., & Sánchez-García, J. C. (2020). Water Exercise and Quality of Life in Pregnancy: A Randomised Clinical Trial. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(4), 1288.
Background: Physical exercise helps to maintain a healthy lifestyle and its practice is recommended for women during pregnancy as a means of limiting the negative effects on the body that may take place and to optimise well-being, mood and sleep patterns, as well as encouraging daily physical activity, enhancing the ability to work and preventing pregnancy-related complications. Aim: To analyse the quality of life in pregnancy for women who complete a programme of moderate physical activity in water, following a designed method that the woman can perform physical exercise safely during pregnancy called the SWEP (study of water exercise during pregnancy) method. Materials and methods: A randomised clinical trial was performed. One hundred and twenty-nine pregnant women were randomly assigned either to an exercise class following the SWEP method (EG, n = 65) or to a control group (CG, n = 64). The trial began in week 20 of pregnancy (May 2016) and ended in week 37 (October 2016). Heath-related quality of life (HRQoL) was evaluated with the SF36v2 health questionnaire at weeks 12 and 35 of pregnancy. Results: The HRQoL score decreased significantly between weeks 12 and 35 of gestation, except for the mental health component, which in the CG fell by -3.28 points and in the EG increased slightly (p > 0.05). Among the CG, the score for the mental health component at week 35 was <42, indicating a positive screening risk of depression (39.20 +/- 4.16). Conclusions: Physical activity programmes in water, such as SWEP, enhance the HRQoL of pregnant women.