Carbon Xerogels Hydrothermally Doped with Bimetal Oxides for Oxygen Reduction Reaction
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Carbon gelsOxygen reduction reactionMesoporosityElectro-catalysis
Abdelwahab, A., Carrasco-Marín, F., & Pérez-Cadenas, A. F. (2019). Carbon Xerogels Hydrothermally Doped with Bimetal Oxides for Oxygen Reduction Reaction. Materials, 12(15), 2446.
SponsorshipThis research was funded by science and technology development fund [STDF] grant number [STF-25402] and from the project P12-RNM-2892 (Junta de Andalucía).
A total of two carbon xerogels doped with cobalt and nickel were prepared by the sol–gel method. The obtained carbon xerogels underwent further surface modification with three binary metal oxides namely: nickel cobaltite, nickel ferrite, and cobalt ferrite through the hydrothermal method. The mesopore volumes of these materials ranged between 0.24 and 0.40 cm3/g. Moreover, there was a morphology transformation for the carbon xerogels doped with nickel cobaltite, which is in the form of nano-needles after the hydrothermal process. Whereas the carbon xerogels doped with nickel ferrite and cobalt ferrite maintained the normal carbon xerogel structure after the hydrothermal process. The prepared materials were tested as electrocatalysts for oxygen reduction reaction using 0.1 M KOH. Among the prepared carbon xerogels cobalt-doped carbon xerogel had better electrocatalytic performance than the nickel-doped ones. Moreover, the carbon xerogels doped with nickel cobaltite showed excellent activity for oxygen reduction reaction due to mesoporosity development. NiCo2O4/Co-CX showed to be the best electrocatalyst of all the prepared electrocatalysts for oxygen reduction reaction application, exhibiting the highest electrocatalytic activity, lowest onset potential Eonset of -0.06 V, and the lowest equivalent series resistance (ESR) of 2.74 W.