Metals and dust content across the galaxies M101 and NGC628
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Oxford University Press
DustExtinction – ISMMolecules – galaxiesAbundances – galaxiesIndividual
SponsorshipThis work was partially supported by the Spanish Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad under grants AYA2016-79724-C4- 4-P andAYA2016-79724-C4-3-P, and excellence project PEX2011- FQM-7058 of Junta de Andalucía (Spain).
We present a spatially resolved study of the relation between dust and metallicity in the nearby spiral galaxies M101 (NGC 5457) and NGC628 (M 74). We explore the relation between the chemical abundances of their gas and stars with their dust content and their chemical evolution. The empirical spatially resolved oxygen effective yield and the gas-to-dust mass ratio (GDR) across both disc galaxies are derived, sampling 1 dex in oxygen abundance. We find that the metal budget of the NGC628 disc and most of the M101 disc appears consistent with the predictions of the simple model of chemical evolution for an oxygen yield between half and one solar, whereas the outermost region (R ≥0.8R25) ofM101 presents deviations suggesting the presence of gas flows. The GDR–metallicity relation shows a two slopes behaviour, with a break at 12 + log(O/H)≈8.4, a critical metallicity predicted by theoretical dust models when stardust production equals grain growth. A relation between GDR and the fraction of molecular to total gas, EH2 /Egas is also found. We suggest an empirical relationship between GDR and the combination of 12 + log(O/H), for metallicity, and EH2 /Egas, a proxy for the molecular clouds fraction. The GDR is closely related with metallicity at low abundance and with EH2 /Egas for higher metallicities suggesting interstellar medium dust growth. The ratio Edust/Estar correlates well with 12 + log(O/H) and strongly with log(N/O) in both galaxies. For abundances below the critical one, the ‘stardust’ production gives us a constant value suggesting a stellar dust yield similar to the oxygen yield.