Foreign Direct Investment in oil-abundant countries: The role of institutions
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Carril-Caccia F, Milgram-Baleix J, Paniagua J (2019) Foreign Direct Investment in oilabundant countries: The role of institutions. PLoS ONE 14(4): e0215650
SponsorshipThis work was supported by: Consejería de Economía, Innovación, Ciencia y Empleo, Junta de Andalucía [SEJ 340], Forum Euromediterraneen des Instituts de Sciences Economiques [FEM41-07], Ministerio de Economía, Industria y Competitividad, Gobierno de España [ECO2015-68057-R]; and Generalitat Valenciana [GV/2017/052].
The present work reassesses the impact of good governance and democracy on Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in oil-abundant countries. To this end, we estimate the effect of host countries’ institutions on greenfield FDI, using a gravity equation for a dataset that covers 182 countries during 2003-2012. Our findings confirm that compliance to rule of law, lack of corruption, political stability and democracy could boost new FDI links through the extensive margin. Our results could not rule out the “oil curse”, meaning that oil producers attract fewer new greenfield projects than similar countries without oil. Unlike other studies, we show that the impact of institutions is not necessarily undermined by the presence of natural resources.