Prevalence, Related Factors, and Levels of Burnout Syndrome Among Nurses Working in Gynecology and Obstetrics Services: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
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AuthorFuente Solana, Emilia I. De La; Suleiman Martos, Nora; Pradas-Hernández, Laura; Gómez Urquiza, Jose Luis; Cañadas De La Fuente, Guillermo Arturo; Albendín García, Luis
la Fuente-Solana, D., Emilia, I., Suleiman-Martos, N., Pradas-Hernández, L., Gomez-Urquiza, J. L., & Albendín-García, L. (2019). Prevalence, related factors, and levels of burnout syndrome among nurses working in gynecology and obstetrics services: A systematic review and meta-analysis. International journal of environmental research and public health, 16(14), 2585.
SponsorshipThis research was funded by the Excellence Research Project (P11HUM-7771) provided by the Andalusian Government (Spain).
Background: Although burnout levels and the corresponding risk factors have been studied in many nursing services, to date no meta-analytical studies have been undertaken of obstetrics and gynecology units to examine the heterogeneity of burnout in this environment and the variables associated with it. In the present paper, we aim to determine the prevalence, levels, and related factors of burnout syndrome among nurses working in gynecology and obstetrics services. Methods: A systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature were carried out using the following sources: CINAHL (Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature), LILACS (Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature), Medline, ProQuest (Proquest Health and Medical Complete), SciELO (Scientific Electronic Library Online), and Scopus. Results: Fourteen relevant studies were identified, including, for this meta-analysis, n = 464 nurses. The following prevalence values were obtained: emotional exhaustion 29% (95% CI: 11–52%), depersonalization 19% (95% CI: 6–38%), and low personal accomplishment 44% (95% CI: 18–71%). The burnout variables considered were sociodemographic (age, marital status, number of children, gender), work-related (duration of the workday, nurse-patient ratio, experience or number of miscarriages/abortions), and psychological (anxiety, stress, and verbal violence). Conclusion: Nurses working in obstetrics and gynecology units present high levels of burnout syndrome. In over 33% of the study sample, at least two of the burnout dimensions considered are apparent.