Influence of Surface Chemistry on the Electrochemical Performance of Biomass-Derived Carbon Electrodes for its Use as Supercapacitors
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AuthorElmouwahidi, Abdelhakim; Bailón García, Ester María José; Pérez Cadenas, Agustín Francisco; Carrasco Marín, Francisco
Nitrogen and oxygen doped activated carbonSurface chemistrySupercapacitor capacitanceEnergy power density
Elmouwahidi, A.; Bailón-García, E.; Romero-Cano, L.A.; Zárate-Guzmán, A.I.; Pérez-Cadenas, A.F.; Carrasco-Marín, F. Influence of Surface Chemistry on the Electrochemical Performance of Biomass-Derived Carbon Electrodes for its Use as Supercapacitors. Materials 2019, 12, 2458. [doi:10.3390/ma12152458]
SponsorshipThis work was supported by FEDER and Spanish MINECO (grant number CTQ-2013-44789-R); and Junta de Andalucía (grant numbers P12-RNM-2892, RNM172).
first_page settings Open AccessFeature PaperArticle Influence of Surface Chemistry on the Electrochemical Performance of Biomass-Derived Carbon Electrodes for its Use as Supercapacitors by Abdelhakim Elmouwahidi 1 [OrcID] , Esther Bailón-García 1, Luis A. Romero-Cano 2 [OrcID] , Ana I. Zárate-Guzmán 3, Agustín F. Pérez-Cadenas 1,* [OrcID] and Francisco Carrasco-Marín 1 [OrcID] 1 Research Group in Carbon Materials, Inorganic Chemistry Department, Faculty of Sciences, University of Granada, Campus Fuente Nueva s/n. 18071 Granada, Spain 2 Facultad de Ciencias Químicas, Universidad Autónoma de Guadalajara, Av. Patria 1201, Zapopan, Jalisco C. P. 45129, Mexico 3 Centro de Investigación y Desarrollo Tecnológico en Electroquímica (CIDETEQ) S.C., Parque Tecnológico Sanfandila, Pedro Escobedo, Querétaro 760703, Mexico * Author to whom correspondence should be addressed. Materials 2019, 12(15), 2458; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12152458 Received: 28 June 2019 / Revised: 31 July 2019 / Accepted: 1 August 2019 / Published: 2 August 2019 (This article belongs to the Special Issue Element-Doped Functional Carbon-based Materials) Download PDF Browse Figures Cite This Paper Abstract Activated carbons prepared by chemical activation from three different types of waste woods were treated with four agents: melamine, ammonium carbamate, nitric acid, and ammonium persulfate, for the introduction of nitrogen and oxygen groups on the surface of materials. The results indicate that the presence of the heteroatoms enhances the capacitance, energy density, and power density of all samples. The samples treated with ammonium persulfate show the maximum of capacitance of 290 F g−1 while for the melamine, ammonium carbamate, and nitric acid treatments, the samples reached the maximum capacitances values of 283, 280, and 455 F g−1 respectively. This remarkable electro-chemical performance, as the high specific capacitances can be due to several reasons: i) The excellent and adequate textural characteristics makes possible a large adsorption interface for electrolyte to form the electrical double layer, leading to a great electrochemical double layer capacitance. ii) The doping with hetero-atoms enhances the surface interaction of these materials with the aqueous electrolyte, increasing the accessibility of electrolyte ions. iii) The hetero-atoms groups can also provide considerable pseudo-capacitance improving the overall capacitance.