Relationship Between Child Perfectionism and Psychological Disorders
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AuthorLozano Fernández, Luis Manuel; Valor Segura, Inmaculada; García-Cueto, Eduardo; Pedrosa, Ignacio; Llanos, Alexia; Lozano, Luis
Frontiers in Media
PerfectionismClinical symptomatologyMediation analysesChildhood perfectionism inventory
Lozano LM, Valor-Segura I, García-Cueto E, Pedrosa I, Llanos A and Lozano L (2019) Relationship Between Child Perfectionism and Psychological Disorders. Front. Psychol. 10:1855.
SponsorshipThis research was supported by the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness [Ref. PSI2017-85724-P and Ref. PSI2017- 83966-R (MINECO/AEI/FEDER/UE)].
Objective: Perfectionism is one of the variables related to the correct emotional development or with the appearance of clinical symptomatology in childhood. A study has been designed to evaluate the differential effect that each dimension of perfectionism (external pressure, self-exigency, and negative self-evaluation) has in a Spanish children sample of general population for each of the following clinical aspects: irritability, worthlessness feelings, thinking problems, and psychophysiological symptoms. Method: By a random cluster sampling, a total of 2,636 children from 8 to 12 years (M = 9.9, SD = 1.2; 51.3% boys) took part in this research. A serial multiple mediators model was used to check the relation between external pressure over the clinical symptoms through self-exigency and negative-self-evaluation. Results: The results have shown a predictive effect of external pressure over a great variety of clinical symptomatology (irritability, worthlessness, thinking problems, and psychophysiological symptoms), a relation mediated by self-exigency and negative self-evaluation. These relations suggest that external pressure and negative self-evaluation are maladaptive dimensions as they predict the appearance of symptomatology, being the level of self-exigency a protective dimension and favoring the child’s positive development. Conclusions: In consequence, these results point to the importance of the study of these variables that can generate difficulties in childhood in order to improve children’s quality of life and their correct development.