Environmental impact assessment on the Monza cathedral (Italy): a multi-analytical approach
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AuthorDi Comite, Valeria; Pozo Antonio, José Santiago; Cardell Fernández, Carolina; Rivas, Teresa; Randazzo, Luciana; La Russa, Mauro Francesco; Fermo, Paola
Universitatea "Alexandru Ioan Cuza" din Iasi
Black crustCarbonate stoneCultural heritageIon chromatographyHeavy metals
COMITE, V., POZO-ANTONIO, J. S., CARDELL, C., RIVAS, T., RANDAZZO, L., LA RUSSA, M. F., & FERMO, P. (2020). ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT ON THE MONZA CATHEDRAL (ITALY): A MULTI-ANALYTICAL APPROACH. International Journal of Conservation Science, 11.
SponsorshipJ. Santiago Pozo-Antonio thanks the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness (MINECO) for his “Juan de la Cierva-incorporación” (IJCI-2017-3277) contract. C. Cardell thanks the financial support provided by Spanish Research Projects AERIMPACT (CGL2012-30729) and EXPOAIR (P12-FQM-1889), the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF), and the Andalusian Research Group RNM-179. SEM-EDX analyses were performed in the Scientific Instrumentation Centre (CIC) of the University of Granada (Spain).
This research deals with the characterization of black crusts collected from the Dome of Monza (Milan, Italy). Air pollution is responsible for the degradation of historical buildings surfaces. In urban and industrial areas, the degradation process is accelerated, due to carbonaceous particles and heavy metals emitted by combustion processes which contribute to the formation of black crust (BCs). In this study the characterization of BC was performed using different analytical techniques such as: HRSEM-EDX, IC, LA-ICP/MS and digital image analysis. In particular, the research focused on the study of "heavy metals" which contribute to the identify the main sources of pollution responsible for the surface’s deterioration over time. BCs variability in composition also depends on the exposure of the analyzed surfaces.