A short introduction to the Lindblad master equation
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AutorManzano Diosdado, Daniel
AIP Advances 10, 025106 (2020); [doi: 10.1063/1.5115323]
PatrocinadorSpanish Ministry and the Agencia Española de Investigación (AEI) for financial support under Grant No. FIS2017-84256-P (FEDER funds).
The theory of open quantum systems is one of the most essential tools for the development of quantum technologies. Furthermore, the Lindblad (or Gorini-Kossakowski-Sudarshan-Lindblad) master equation plays a key role as it is the most general generator of Markovian dynamics in quantum systems. In this paper, we present this equation together with its derivation and methods of resolution. The presentation tries to be as self-contained and straightforward as possible to be useful to readers with no previous knowledge of this field.