Associations between active commuting to school, sleep duration, and breakfast consumption in Ecuadorian young people
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AuthorVilla González, Emilio; Huertas-Delgado, Francisco Javier; Chillón Garzón, Palma; Ramírez Vélez, Robinson; Barranco Ruiz, Yaira María
Active commutingSleepBreakfastsYoungLatin-AmericansPublic health
Villa-González, E., Huertas-Delgado, F. J., Chillón, P., Ramírez-Vélez, R., & Barranco-Ruiz, Y. (2019). Associations between active commuting to school, sleep duration, and breakfast consumption in Ecuadorian young people. BMC public health, 19(1), 85.
SponsorshipThis study was supported by a grant from the Spanish Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport [CAST17/00072]. Moreover, the study was partially supported by the University of Granada, Plan Propio de Investigación 2016, Excellence actions: Units of Excellence; Unit of Excellence on Exercise and Health (UCEES).
Daily behaviours such as active commuting to school (ACS) could be a source of physical activity, contributing to the improvement of youth cardiovascular health, however, the relationship between ACS and other aspects of a youth’s health, such as sleep duration and breakfast consumption, require further clarification. The aims of this study were therefore: 1) to analyse the prevalence of modes of commuting to school, sleep duration, and breakfast consumption by age groups and gender, and 2) to analyse the association between ACS, sleep duration recommendations, and breakfast consumption by age groups and gender. The percentage of students meeting sleep duration and daily breakfast recommendations was lowest in older adolescents, and highest in children (6.3% versus 50.8% p < 0.001, and 62.1%, versus 76.8%, p = 0.001, respectively). Young adolescents and girls who met the sleep duration recommendations were more likely to be active commuters than their counterparts (OR = 4.25; 95% CI = 1.81 to 9.92, p = 0.001 and OR = 2.89; 95%CI = 1.01 to 8.27, p = 0.04, respectively). Young adolescents (13-15 yr) and girls who met the sleep duration recommendations during school days displayed a positive association with ACS. There was no association between ACS and breakfast consumption for any of the age groups or gender. Children (10-12 yr) were those that best meet with the adequate sleep duration and breakfast consumption recommendations.