Sleep among presentations of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: Analysis of objective and subjective measures
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AuthorRuiz Herrera, Noelia; Guillén-Riquelme, Alejandro; Díaz Román, Amparo; Cellini, Nicola; Buela Casal, Gualberto
PolysomnographyADHDSleepChildrenEx post facto study
Ruiz-Herrera, N., Guillén-Riquelme, A., Díaz-Román, A., Cellini, N., & Buela-Casal, G. Sleep among presentations of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: Analysis of objective and subjective measures. International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology. (2019) 20, 54-61
SponsorshipThis work was supported by the Spanish Ministry of Economyand Competitiveness [PSI2014-58046-P].
Background/Objective: To examine subjective and objective sleep patterns in children with different Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) presentations. Method: We assessed 92 children diagnosed with ADHD (29 ADHD-Inattentive [ADHD-I], 31 ADHD-Hyperactive/Impulsive [ADHD-H/I], and 32 ADHD-Combined [ADHD-C)]) aged 7-11 years. The Pediatric Sleep Questionnaire (PSQ), Pediatric Daytime Sleepiness Scale (PDSS), and a sleep diary were used as subjective sleep measures, and polysomnography was used to objectively assess sleep quantity, quality, and fragmentation. Results: Subjective data showed impaired sleep in 12.7% of the sample. No significant differences were found between ADHD presentations in any objective and subjective sleep variable. Nevertheless, data on sleep fragmentation suggested a worse sleep continuity for the ADHD-H/I group, and correlation analyses confirmed that sleep is affected by age. Conclusions: Children with ADHD may suffer from sleep breathing problems and daytime sleepiness, as reported by their parents, even when their total sleep time and sleep efficiency are not affected. It seems that sleep in this population does not largely vary as a function of the ADHD presentation. Sleep in children with ADHD evolves with age.