Sleep duration and quality are not associated with brown adipose tissue volume or activity—as determined by 18F-FDG uptake, in young, sedentary adults
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AuthorAcosta Manzano, Francisco Miguel; Sánchez-Delgado, Guillermo; Martínez Téllez, Borja Manuel; Migueles, Jairo H; Amaro Gahete, Francisco José; Rensen, Patrick C. N.; Llamas Elvira, José Manuel; Blondin, Denis P.; Ruiz Ruiz, Jonatan
Oxford University Press
Brown fatCold-induced thermogenesisEnergy balanceGlucose uptakeSleep curtailment
Acosta, F. M., Sanchez-Delgado, G., Martinez-Tellez, B., Migueles, J. H., Amaro-Gahete, F. J., Rensen, P. C., ... & Ruiz, J. R. (2019). Sleep duration and quality are not associated with brown adipose tissue volume or activity—as determined by 18F-FDG uptake, in young, sedentary adults. Sleep, 42(12), zsz177.
Study Objectives: Short sleep duration and sleep disturbances have been related to obesity and metabolic disruption. However, the behavioral and physiological mechanisms linking sleep and alterations in energy balance and metabolism are incompletely understood. In rodents, sleep regulation is closely related to appropriate brown adipose tissue (BAT) thermogenic activity, but whether the same is true in humans has remained unknown. The present work examines whether sleep duration and quality are related to BAT volume and activity (measured by 18F-FDG) and BAT radiodensity in humans. Methods: A total of 118 healthy adults (69% women, 21.9 ± 2.2 years, body mass index: 24.9 ± 4.7 kg/m2) participated in this cross-sectional study. Sleep duration and other sleep variables were measured using a wrist-worn accelerometer for seven consecutive days for 24 hours per day. The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index was used to assess sleep quality. All participants then underwent a personalized cold exposure to determine their BAT volume, activity, and radiodensity (a proxy of the intracellular triglyceride content), using static positron emission tomography combined with computed tomography (PET/CI) scan. Results: Neither sleep duration nor quality was associated with BAT volume or activity (the latter represented by the mean and peak standardized 18F-FDG uptake values) or radiodensity (all p > .1). The lack of association remained after adjusting the analyses for sex, date of PET/CT, and body composition. Conclusions: Although experiments in rodent models indicate a strong relationship to exist between sleep regulation and BAT function, it seems that sleep duration and quality may not be directly related to the BAT variables examined in the present work.