Parasitics Impact on the Performance of Rectifier Circuits in Sensing RF Energy Harvesting
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AuthorAlex-Amor, Antonio; Moreno Núñez, Javier; Fernández-González, José M.; Padilla De La Torre, Pablo; Esteban, Jaime
RF energy harvestingSensor applicationsHalf-wave rectifierParasitics modelingCockcroft-Walton multiplierLow-power
Alex-Amor, A., Moreno-Núñez, J., Fernández-González, J. M., Padilla, P., & Esteban, J. (2019). Parasitics Impact on the Performance of Rectifier Circuits in Sensing RF Energy Harvesting. Sensors, 19(22), 4939.
SponsorshipThis work was supported in part by the Spanish Research and Development National Program under projects TIN2016-75097-P, TEC2017-85529-C3-1-R and RTI2018-102002-A-I00.
This work presents some accurate guidelines for the design of rectifier circuits in radiofrequency (RF) energy harvesting. New light is shed on the design process, paying special attention to the nonlinearity of the circuits and the modeling of the parasitic elements. Two different configurations are tested: a Cockcroft–Walton multiplier and a half-wave rectifier. Several combinations of diodes, capacitors, inductors and loads were studied. Furthermore, the parasitics that are part of the circuits were modeled. Thus, the most harmful parasitics were identified and studied in depth in order to improve the conversion e ciency and enhance the performance of self-sustaining sensing systems. The experimental results show that the parasitics associated with the diode package and the via holes in the PCB (Printed Circuit Board) can leave the circuits inoperative. As an example, the rectifier e ciency is below 5% without considering the influence of the parasitics. On the other hand, it increases to over 30% in both circuits after considering them, twice the value of typical passive rectifiers.