Impact of Vitamin D Deficit on the Rat Gut Microbiome
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AuthorRobles-Vera, Iñaki; Callejo, María; Ramos, Ricardo; Duarte Pérez, Juan Manuel; Pérez-Vizcaíno, Francisco
Microbiota16S rRNA sequencingVitamin D deficit
Robles-Vera, I., Callejo, M., Ramos, R., Duarte, J., & Perez-Vizcaino, F. (2019). Impact of Vitamin D Deficit on the Rat Gut Microbiome. Nutrients, 11(11), 2564.
SponsorshipThis study is supported by grants from Mineco (SAF2016-77222-R and SAF2017-8489-R), with funds from the European Union (Fondo Europeo de Desarrollo Regional FEDER) and Fundación Contra la Hipertensión Pulmonar (Empathy grant). I.R.V and M.C. are funded by Mineco (FPU grant) and Universidad Complutense de Madrid, respectively. FPV was funded by a Mobility grant from CIBERES
Inadequate immunologic, metabolic and cardiovascular homeostasis has been related to either an alteration of the gut microbiota or to vitamin D deficiency. We analyzed whether vitamin D deficiency alters rat gut microbiota. Male Wistar rats were fed a standard or a vitamin D-free diet for seven weeks. The microbiome composition was determined in fecal samples by 16S rRNA gene sequencing. The vitamin D-free diet produced mild changes on alpha- diversity but no effect on -diversity in the global microbiome. Markers of gut dysbiosis like Firmicutes-to-Bacteroidetes ratio or the short chain fatty acid producing bacterial genera were not significantly affected by vitamin D deficiency. Notably, there was an increase in the relative abundance of the Enterobacteriaceae, with significant rises in its associated genera Escherichia, Candidatus blochmannia and Enterobacter in vitamin D deficient rats. Prevotella and Actinomyces were also increased and Odoribacteraceae and its genus Butyricimonas were decreased in rats with vitamin D-free diet. In conclusion, vitamin D deficit does not induce gut dysbiosis but produces some specific changes in bacterial taxa, which may play a pathophysiological role in the immunologic dysregulation associated with this hypovitaminosis.