Schumann resonances at Mars: Effects of the day-night asymmetry and the dust-loaded ionosphere
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AuthorToledo Redondo, Sergio; Salinas Extremera, Alfonso; Porti Durán, Jorge Andrés; Witasse, O.; Cardnell, S.; Fornieles Callejón, Jesús Francisco; Molina Cuberos, Gregorio José; Déprez, G.; Montmessin, F.
Toledo-Redondo, S., A. Salinas, J. Portí, O. Witasse, S. Cardnell, J. Fornieles, G. J. Molina-Cuberos, G. Déprez, and F. Montmessin (2017), Schumann resonances at Mars: Effects of the day-night asymmetry and the dust-loaded ionosphere, Geophys. Res. Lett., 44, 648–656, [doi:10.1002/2016GL071635]
SponsorshipThis work was supported by the Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad of Spain under the project with reference FIS2013-44975-P, cofinanced with FEDER funds of the European Union. S.T.R. holds an ESA research fellowship and acknowledges support from the ESA science faculty of the European Space Astronomy Centre (ESAC).
Schumann resonances are standing waves that oscillate in the electromagnetic cavity formed between the conducting lower ionosphere and the surface of the planet. They have been measured in situ only on Earth and Titan, although they are believed to exist on other planets like Mars. We report numerical simulations of the Martian electromagnetic cavity, accounting for the day-night asymmetry and different dust scenarios. It has been found that the resonances are more energetic on the nightside, the first resonance is expected to be 9–14 Hz depending on the dust activity and to have low quality factors (Q ≃ 2). This work serves as an input for the upcoming Exomars surface platform (launch 2020), who will attempt to measure them for the first time.