Stabilization and reversal of child obesity in Andalusia using objective anthropometric measures by socioeconomic status
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AuthorSánchez-Cruz, José Juan; Ruiter, Ingrid de; Jiménez Moleón, José Juan; García, L; Sánchez Montes, María José
TrendsEpidemiologyObesity in childrenSpain
Sánchez-Cruz, J. J., de Ruiter, I., Jiménez-Moleón, J. J., García, L., & Sánchez, M. J. (2018). Stabilization and reversal of child obesity in Andalusia using objective anthropometric measures by socioeconomic status. BMC pediatrics, 18(1), 322.
Background: Childhood obesity continues to be a significant public health issue worldwide. Recent national studies in Spain show a stable picture. However, prevalence and trends differ by socio-economic status, age, and region. We present the trend in childhood excess weight prevalence, aged 8–15 years, in Andalusia from 2011-2012 to 2015–2016 by socio-economic status. Results: Overall prevalence of excess weight decreased from 42.0% in 2011–2012 to 35.4% in 2015–2016. Overweight decreased from 28.2 to 24.2% and obesity from 13.8 to 11.2%. In 2011–2012 the prevalence of excess weight in boys was 46.0%and 37.9% in girls; in 2015–2016 the difference became significant with 41% of boys with excess weight compared with 30% in girls. Conclusions: Childhood excess weight prevalence in Andalusia has decreased slightly between 2011-2012 and 2015–2016. Notably, a decrease in obesity prevalence in girls aged 8–15 years was recorded. In 2011–2012 a social gradient for excess weight prevalence across three SES indicators was observed: in 2015–2016 this gradient disappeared. Nonetheless, prevalence remains too high.