Metallic Slit-Plate Dampers: Damage Evaluation with Metal Magnetic Memory Technique and Application to Structures with Rocking Columns
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AuthorAbarkane, Chihab; Ríos-García, Germán; Galé-Lamuela, David; Rescalvo, Francisco J.; Gallego Molina, Antolino; Benavent Climent, Amadeo
Non-destructive testingMetallic magnetic memory (MMM) methodologySeismic engineeringDampers
Abarkane, C.; Ríos-García, G.; Gale-Lamuela, D.; Rescalvo, F.; Gallego, A.; Benavent-Climent, A. Metallic Slit-Plate Dampers: Damage Evaluation with Metal Magnetic Memory Technique and Application to Structures with Rocking Columns. Metals 2019, 9, 953. [doi:10.3390/met9090953]
SponsorshipThis research was funded by Consejería de Economia, Innovación, Ciencia y Empleo, Junta de Andalucía, grant number TEP-02429, by Ministerio de Economía, Industria y Competitividad, Gobierno de España, grant number BIA2017 88814 R, and received funds from the European Union (Fonds Européen de Dévelopment Régional). The APC was funded by Ministerio de Economía, Industria y Competitividad, Gobierno de España, grant number BIA2017 88814 R.
Inelastic deformation of metallic materials is one of the most effective mechanisms for the dissipation of energy input to a structure by an earthquake. Metallic dampers are special devices that resort to this source of energy dissipation, proving to be a cost-efficient solution for the seismic protection of structures. Two important issues arise when implementing metallic dampers in real structures: (1) Inelastic deformations cause damage that must be quantified after an earthquake to decide upon their eventual replacement; (2) dampers must possess an energy dissipation capacity large enough to endure severe earthquakes. This paper focuses on a particular type of metallic damper consisting of slit-plates made of stainless steel, applied to reinforced concrete frames with rocking columns at the first story. In particular, a new damage index based on the metallic magnetic memory (MMM) method is proposed and validated experimentally to quantify the damage of slit plate dampers subjected to cyclic loadings. Further, the seismic response of a frame with rocking columns that incorporate the damper is obtained to demonstrate that it can endure severe earthquakes without failing, and to emphasize the relevance of the proposed MMM damage index that would make its replacement after a severe earthquake unnecessary.