European Strategies for Adaptation to Climate Change with the Mayors Adapt Initiative by Self-Organizing Maps
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AuthorAbarca Álvarez, Francisco Javier; Navarro-Ligero, Miguel Lorenzo; Valenzuela Montes, Luis Miguel; Campos Sánchez, Francisco Sergio
European PoliciesClimate ChangeProfilesPatternArtificial intelligenceSelf-Organizing MapsSustainabilityUrban planning
Abarca-Alvarez, F.J.; Navarro-Ligero, M.L.; Valenzuela-Montes, L.M.; Campos-Sánchez, F.S. European Strategies for Adaptation to Climate Change with the Mayors Adapt Initiative by Self-Organizing Maps. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 3859. [doi:10.3390/app9183859]
SponsorshipThis research was funded by Consejería de Economía, Innovación, Ciencia y Empleo, Andalusian Regional Government (Spain) grant number P12-RNM-1514. And The APC was funded by University of Granada (Spain).
The European Union (EU) has assigned municipal governments a key role in the transformations needed to achieve its climate and energy objectives. One of the main initiatives of the EU has been the “The Covenant of Mayors”, launched in 2008, with impacts beyond Europe due to integration with the “Global Covenant of Mayors for Climate and Energy”. This research focuses on local measures to adapt to climate change, verifying their differences between themselves, and aims to identify and characterize patterns in the different adaptation strategies examined. Further aims are (i) the collection of good practices, framed in the Mayors Adapt initiative, managing multidimensional data from the context and from its adaptation proposals; (ii) the classification of strategies in profiles and patterns using artificial neural networks based on the previous variables; (iii) the characterization and comparison of such profiles. The results substantiate the existence of several well-differentiated approaches, connected with their geographical context, vulnerability and politics. These results provide valuable information for its interpretation and for the planning of climate change adaptation actions, highlighting the value of the creation of networks of institutional collaboration targeted at each strategic framework.