City-port relationships in Malaga, Spain: effects of the new port proposals on urban traffic
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Port-city relationshipsUrban trafficPort demandsTraffic evaluationMálaga
GRINDLAY, ALEJANDRO L.; MARTÍNEZ-HORNOS, SERGIO. CITY–PORT RELATIONSHIPS IN MALAGA, SPAIN: EFFECTS OF THE NEW PORT PROPOSALS ON URBAN TRAFFIC. WIT Transactions on The Built Environment, 2017, vol. 176, p. 45-56.
Traditionally, one of the most significant difficulties of the port-city relationship has been the issue of urban traffic hampering port operations and vice versa. The case of Malaga (Spain) is very special, given that its port, for historical reasons, is in close proximity to its urban centre. Port expansion towards deeper waters and its inherent increase in traffic flows has served to exacerbate the above problems. Thus, an ambitious project has been proposed to enable the transformation of underused port areas adjacent to the city for urban activities. Given the urban proximity, some areas of the port were required for urban integration as outlined in an agreement between the municipal and port authorities that was drafted in an urban plan revisited and modified in 2003. The subsequent transformation of wharves one and two has been very successful. However, in the current port development, there is vacant space alongside the new eastern dock, on which a maritime station for cruise ships has been installed. It is now proposed to enlarge this for 10,000 cruise passengers, and to create an area for a small marina and other facilities. This proposal also includes provision for a new 350-room hotel, in a remarkable tower building, and an aquarium. In order to evaluate the pressure of the new mobility flows that will be associated with the planned developments, a study of traffic and mobility has been carried out, analyzing, simulating, predicting and evaluating the degree of effects generated.