Hand Hygiene Teaching Strategies among Nursing Staff: A Systematic Review
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AuthorMartos Cabrera, Maria; Mota Romero, Emilio; Martos Garcia, Raul; Gómez Urquiza, Jose Luis; Suleiman Martos, Nora; Albendín García, Luis; Cañadas De La Fuente, Guillermo Arturo
Hand hygieneHandwashingInfection controlNursesNursing education
Martos-Cabrera, M. B., Mota-Romero, E., Martos-García, R., Gómez-Urquiza, J. L., Suleiman-Martos, N., & Albendín-García, L. (2019). Hand Hygiene Teaching Strategies among Nursing Staff: A Systematic Review. International journal of environmental research and public health, 16(17), 3039.
Background: Patient safety is a priority of any healthcare system, and one of the most effective measures is hand hygiene. For this, it is important that health staff have correct adherence and perform the technique properly. Otherwise, the incidence of nosocomial infections can increase, with consequent complications. The aim here was to analyze hand hygiene training and the effectiveness of different methods and educational strategies among nurses and whether they maintained correct adherence over time. Results: n = 17 clinical trials were included, with a total of 5747 nurses and nursing students. Strategies such as reminder sounds, practical simulations, videos, and audiovisual media improved handwashing compliance. Adherence overtime increased by up to 60%. The greatest effectiveness was related to the use of povidone–iodine, which reduced colony formation compared Hand hygiene teaching strategies among nursing staff: a systematic review to soap. Conclusions: The strategies that go beyond teaching techniques such as lectures may be more effective at increasing hand hygiene compliance. Combined approaches to learning/instruction improve user satisfaction by enabling self-management, flexibility, and repetition.