Sigma-1 Receptor Inhibition Reduces Neuropathic Pain Induced by Partial Sciatic Nerve Transection in Mice by Opioid-Dependent and -Independent Mechanisms
MetadataShow full item record
AuthorBravo Caparrós, Inmaculada; Perazzoli, Gloria; Yeste, Sandra; Cikes, Domagoj; Baeyens Cabrera, José Manuel; Cobos, Enrique Jose; Nieto, Francisco Rafael
Neuropathic painSpared nerve injuryEndogenous opioid systemMechanical allodyniaHeat hyperalgesia
Bravo-Caparrós I, Perazzoli G, Yeste S, Cikes D, Baeyens JM, Cobos EJ and Nieto FR (2019) Sigma-1 Receptor Inhibition Reduces Neuropathic Pain Induced by Partial Sciatic Nerve Transection in Mice by Opioid-Dependent and -Independent Mechanisms. Front. Pharmacol. 10:613.
SponsorshipIB-C was supported by an FPU grant from the Spanish Ministry of Education, Culture, and Sports. This study was partially supported by the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness (MINECO, grant SAF2016-80540-R), the Junta de Andalucía (grant CTS 109), and funding from Esteve and the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF). This research was done in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the doctoral thesis of IB-C.
Sigma-1 (σ1) receptor antagonists are promising tools for neuropathic pain treatment, but it is unknown whether σ1 receptor inhibition ameliorates the neuropathic signs induced by nerve transection, in which the pathophysiological mechanisms and response to drug treatment differ from other neuropathic pain models. In addition, σ1 antagonism ameliorates inflammatory pain through modulation of the endogenous opioid system, but it is unknown whether this occurs during neuropathic pain. We investigated the effect of σ1 inhibition on the painful hypersensitivity associated with the spared nerve injury (SNI) model in mice. Wildtype (WT) mice developed prominent cold (acetone test), mechanical (von Frey test), and heat hypersensitivity (Hargreaves test) after SNI. σ1 receptor knockout (σ1-KO) mice did not develop cold allodynia and showed significantly less mechanical allodynia, although they developed heat hyperalgesia after SNI.