Rotation and pulsation in Ap stars: first light results from TESS sectors 1 and 2
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AuthorCunha, M. S.; Lares-Martiz, M.; García Hernández, Antonio; Pascual Granado, Javier; Suárez Yanes, Juan Carlos
Royal Astronomical Society
Stars: oscillationsStars: variablesStars: individualStars: magnetic fieldsStars: chemically peculiar
Cunha, M. S.; et. al. Rotation and pulsation in Ap stars: first light results from TESS sectors 1 and 2. Mon. Not. R. Astron. [Preprint] Printed 5 June 2019 arXiv:1906.01111v1 [astro-ph.SR] 3 Jun 2019
SponsorshipWe thank the referee for very detailed and useful comments to the original manuscript. This work was supported by FCT - Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia through national funds and by FEDER through COMPETE2020 - Programa Operacional Competitividade e Internacionalização by these grants: UID/FIS/04434/2019, PTDC/FIS-AST/30389/2017 & POCI-01- 0145-FEDER-030389. MC is supported in the form of work contract funded by national funds through FCT. Funding for the Stellar Astrophysics Centre is provided by The Danish National Research Foundation (Grant agreement no.: DNRF106). DLH and DWK acknowledge financial support from the Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC) via grant ST/M000877/1. This work has made use of data from the European Space Agency (ESA) mission Gaia (https://www.cosmos.esa.int/gaia), processed by the Gaia Data Processing and Analysis Consortium (DPAC, https://www.cosmos.esa.int/web/gaia/dpac/consortium). Funding for the DPAC has been provided by national institutions, in particular the institutions participating in the Gaia Multilateral Agreement. LFM acknowledges support from the UNAM by the way of DGAPA project PAPIIT IN100918. The research leading to these results has received funding from the European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme (grant agreement N 670519: MAMSIE) and from the Fonds Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek - Vlaanderen (FWO) under the grant agreement G0H5416N (ERC Opvangproject). MS acknowledges the financial support of Postdoc@MUNI project CZ.02.2.69/0.0/0.0/16 027/0008360. EN acknowledges the Polish National Science Center grants no.2014/13/B/ST9/00902. JCS acknowledges funding support from Spanish public funds for research under projects ESP2017-87676-2-2 and ESP2015- 65712-C5-5-R, and from project RYC-2012-09913 under the ‘Ramón y Cajal’ program of the Spanish Ministry of Science and Education. AGH acknowledges funding support from Spanish public funds for research under projects ESP2017-87676-2-2 and ESP2015-65712-C5-5-R of the Spanish Ministry of Science and Education. A´ S, ZsB, and RSz acknowledge the financial support of the GINOP-2.3.2-15-2016- 00003, K-115709, K-113117, K-119517 and PD-123910 grants of the Hungarian National Research, Development and Innovation Office (NKFIH), and the Lendület Program of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, project No. LP2018-7/2018. GH has been supported by the Polish NCN grant 2015/18/A/ST9/00578. MLM acknowledges funding support from Spanish public funds for research under project ESP2015- 65712-C5-3-R. JPG acknowledges funding support from Spanish public funds for research under project ESP2017-87676-C5-5-R. MLM and JPG also acknowledges funding support from the State Agency for Research of the Spanish MCIU through the ”Center of Excellence Severo Ochoa” award for the Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (SEV-2017-0709). IS acknowledges funding support of NSF under projects DN 08-1/2016 and DN 18/13-12.12.2017. P. Kołaczek-Szymański acknowledges support from the NCN grant no. 2016/21/B/ST9/01126. This paper includes data collected by the TESS mission. Funding for the TESS mission is provided by the NASA Explorer Program.
We present the first results from the Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) on the rotational and pulsational variability of magnetic chemically peculiar A-type stars. We analyse TESS 2-min cadence data from sectors 1 and 2 on a sample of 83 stars. Five new rapidly oscillating Ap (roAp) stars are announced. One of these pulsates with periods around 4.7 min, making it the shortest period roAp star known to date. Four out of the five new roAp stars are multiperiodic. Three of these, and the singly-periodic one show the presence of rotational mode splitting. Individual frequencies are provided in all cases. In addition, seven previously known roAp stars are analysed. Additional modes of oscillation are found in some stars, while in others we are able to distinguish the true pulsations from possible aliases present in the ground-based data. We find that the pulsation amplitude in the TESS filter is typically a factor 6 smaller than that in the B filter which is usually used for ground-based observations. For four roAp stars we set constraints on the inclination angle and magnetic obliquity, through the application of the oblique pulsator model. We also confirm the absence of roAp-type pulsations down to amplitude limits of 6 and 13 micromag, respectively, in two of the best characterised non-oscillating Ap (noAp) stars. We announce 27 new rotational variables along with their rotation periods, and provide different rotation periods for seven other stars. Finally, we discuss how these results challenge state-of-the-art pulsation models for roAp stars.