Novel potential scaffold for periodontal tissue engineering.
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AuthorOsorio, Raquel; Alfonso-Rodríguez, Camilo-Alfonso; Osorio, Estrella; Medina-Castillo, Antonio Luis; Alaminos, Miguel; Toledano-Osorio, Manuel; Toledano Pérez, Manuel
Osorio R, Alfonso-Rodríguez CA, Osorio E, Medina-Castillo AL, Alaminos M, Toledano-Osorio M, Toledano M. Novel potential scaffold for periodontal tissue engineering. Clin Oral Investig. 2017 Dec;21(9):2695-2707. [http://hdl.handle.net/10481/53177]
SponsorshipProject MAT2014-52036-P supported by the Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness (MINECO) and European Regional Development Fund (FEDER).
Objective: Characterization of novel calcium and zinc loaded electrospun matrices for periodontal regeneration. Materials and Methods: A polymethylmetacrylate-based membrane was calcium or zinc loaded. Matrices were characterized morphologically by atomic force and scanning electron microscopy, and mechanically probed by a nanoindenter. Biomimetic calcium phosphate precipitation on polymeric tissues was assessed. Cell viability tests were performed using oral mucosa fibroblasts. Data were analyzed by Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney tests or by ANOVA and Student- Newman-Keuls multiple comparisons. Results: Zinc and calcium loading on matrices did not modify their morphology but increased nanomechanical properties and decreased nanoroughness. Precipitation of calcium and phosphate on the matrices surfaces was observed in zinc-loaded specimens. Matrices were found to be non-toxic to cells in all the assays. Calcium and zinc-loaded scaffolds presented a very low cytotoxic effect. Conclusions: Zinc-loaded membranes permit cells viability and promoted mineral precipitation in physiological conditions. Based on the tested nanomechanical properties and scaffold architecture, the proposed membranes may be suitable for cell proliferation. Clinical Relevance: The ability of zinc-loaded matrices to promote precipitation of calcium phosphate deposits, together with their observed non-toxicity and its surface chemistry allowing covalent binding of proteins, may offer new strategies for periodontal regeneration.