Association between Vitamin Intake during Pregnancy and Risk of Small for Gestational Age
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AuthorSalcedo Bellido, Inmaculada; Martínez Galiano, Juan Miguel; Olmedo Requena, María Rocío; Mozas Moreno, Juan; Bueno Cavanillas, Aurora; Jiménez Moleón, José Juan; Delgado Rodríguez, Miguel
Maternal nutritionDietary vitamins intakePregnancySmall for gestational age
Salcedo-Bellido, I.; et al. Association between Vitamin Intake during Pregnancy and Risk of Small for Gestational Age. Nutrients, 9(12): 1277 (2017). [http://hdl.handle.net/10481/48510]
SponsorshipThis work was supported by a grant from the National Institute of Health Carlos III (PI11/02199).
Pregnancy increases the requirements of certain nutrients, such as vitamins, to provide nutrition for the newborn. The aim was to analyze the association between dietary intake of vitamins during pregnancy and risk of having a small for gestational age (SGA) newborn. A matched case-control study was conducted (518 cases and 518 controls of pregnant women) in Spain. Dietary vitamin intake during pregnancy was assessed using a validated food frequency questionnaire, categorized into quintiles. Odds ratios (ORs) and their 95% confidence intervals (CI) were estimated with conditional regression logistic models. A protective association was observed between maternal dietary intake of vitamins A and D and SGA. For vitamin B3 and B6, the observed protective effect was maintained after adjusting for potential confounding factors. For vitamin B9, we found only an effect in quintiles 3 and 4 (OR = 0.64; 95% CI, 0.41–1.00; OR = 0.58; 95% CI, 0.37–0.91). Protective effect for vitamin B12 was observed in 4th and 5th quintiles (OR = 0.61; 95% CI, 0.39–0.95; OR = 0.68; 95% CI, 0.43–1.04). No associations were detected between dietary intake of vitamins B2, E and C intake and SGA. Our results suggest a positive association between dietary vitamin intake during pregnancy and the weight of the newborn, although more studies are necessary and there could be a ceiling effect for higher intakes of some vitamins cannot be discarded.