Pubertal Stage, Body Mass Index, and Cardiometabolic Risk in Children and Adolescents in Bogotá, Colombia: The Cross-Sectional Fuprecol Study
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AuthorRamírez-Vélez, Robinson; García-Hermoso, Antonio; Agostinis-Sobrinho, César; Mota, Jorge; Santos, Rute; Correa-Bautista, Jorge Enrique; Peña-Guzman, Carlos Andrés; Domínguez-Sánchez, María Andrea; Schmidt Rio-Valle, Jacqueline; González Jiménez, Emilio
Pubertal stageBody mass indexObesityCardiometabolic riskChildhoodYouth
Ramírez-Vélez, R.; et al. Pubertal Stage, Body Mass Index, and Cardiometabolic Risk in Children and Adolescents in Bogotá, Colombia: The Cross-Sectional Fuprecol Study. Nutrients, 9(7): 644 (2017). [http://hdl.handle.net/10481/47296]
SponsorshipThe FUPRECOL Study was carried out with the financial support of Instituto Colombiano para el Desarrollo de la Ciencia y la Tecnología “Francisco José de Caldas” COLCIENCIAS (Contract No. 671-2014 Code 122265743978). This article presents independent research commissioned by COLCIENCIAS under its Programme Grants for Applied Research funding scheme (Convocatoria 671-2014). CA-S support to Brazilian government Grant by CAPES (Coordination of Improvement of Higher Education Personnel) (Proc: 9588-13-2). Also, during the completion of this paper, AG-H was visiting researchers at the University of Rosario (CEMA, Bogotá, Colombia), supported with grants awarded by Proyectos Basales y Vicerrectoría de Investigación, Desarrollo e Innovación (Universidad de Santiago de Chile, USACH).
This study explored the association between pubertal stage and anthropometric and cardiometabolic risk factors in youth. A cross-sectional study was conducted in 2877 Colombian children and adolescents (9–17.9 years of age). Weight, height, and waist circumference were measured and body mass index (BMI) was calculated. A biochemical study was performed to determine the cardiometabolic risk index (CMRI). Blood pressure was evaluated and pubertal stage was assessed with the Tanner criteria. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses were performed. The most significant variable (p < 0.05) in the prognosis of cardiometabolic risk was found to be the BMI in both boys and girls. In the case of girls, the pubertal stage was also a CMRI predictive factor. In conclusion, BMI was an important indicator of cardiovascular risk in both sexes. Pubertal stage was associated with cardiovascular risk only in the girls.