Mechanical loading influences the viscoelastic performance of the resin-carious dentin complex
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AuthorOsorio Ruiz, Raquel; López-López, Modesto T.; Aguilera, Fátima; García-Godoy, Franklin; Toledano-Osorio, Manuel; Osorio Ruiz, Estrella
American Vacuum Society
Toledano Pérez, M.; et al. Mechanical loading influences the viscoelastic performance of the resin-carious dentin complex. Biointerphases, 12(2): 021001 (2017). [http://hdl.handle.net/10481/46752]
SponsorshipProject MAT2014-52036-P supported by the Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness (MINECO) and European Regional Development Fund (FEDER), and FIS2013-41821-R.
The aim of this study was to evaluate the changes in the mechanical behavior and bonding capability of Zn-doped resin-infiltrated caries-affected dentin interfaces. Dentin surfaces were treated with 37% phosphoric acid (PA) followed by application of a dentin adhesive, Single Bond (SB) (PA+SB) or by 0.5 M ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) followed by SB (EDTA+SB). 10 wt% ZnO microparticles or 2 wt% ZnCl2 were added into SB, resulting in the following groups: PA+SB, PA+SB-ZnO, PA+SB-ZnCl2, EDTA+SB, EDTA+SB-ZnO, EDTA+SB-ZnCl2. Bonded interfaces were stored for 24 h, and tested or submitted to mechanical loading. Microtensile bond strength was assessed. Debonded surfaces were evaluated by scanning electron microscopy and elemental analysis. The hybrid layer, bottom of the hybrid layer, peritubular and intertubular dentin were evaluated using a nanoindenter. The load/displacement responses were used for the nano-dynamic mechanical analysis (nano-DMA III) to estimate complex modulus, tan delta, loss modulus and storage modulus. The modulus mapping was obtained by imposing a quasistatic force setpoint to which a sinusoidal force was superimposed. AFM imaging was performed. Load cycling decreased the tan delta at the PA+SB-ZnCl2 and EDTA+SB-ZnO interfaces. Tan delta was also diminished at peritubular dentin when PA+SB-ZnO was used, hindering the dissipation of energy throughout these structures. Tan delta increased at the interface after using EDTA+SB-ZnCl2, lowering the energy for recoil or failure. After load cycling, loss moduli at the interface decreased when using ZnCl2 as doping agent, increasing the risk of fracture; but when using ZnO loss moduli was dissimilarly affected if dentin was EDTA-treated. The border between intertubular and peritubular dentin attained the highest discrepancy in values of viscoelastic properties, meaning a risk for cracking and breakdown of the resin-dentin interface. PA used on dentin provoked differences in complex and storage modulus values at the intertubular and peritubular structures, and these differences were higher than when EDTA was employed. In these cases, the long-term performance of the restorative interface will be impared.