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dc.contributor.authorGarcía Rubio, Miguel Ángel 
dc.contributor.authorRuiz-Villaverde, Alberto
dc.contributor.authorGonzález-Gómez, Francisco
dc.date.accessioned2015-06-03T09:30:45Z
dc.date.available2015-06-03T09:30:45Z
dc.date.issued2015
dc.identifier.citationGarcía Rubio, M.A.; Ruiz-Villaverde, A.; González-Gómez, F. Urban Water Tariffs in Spain: What Needs to Be Done?. Water, 7(4): 1456-1479 (2015). [http://hdl.handle.net/10481/36533]es_ES
dc.identifier.issn2073-4441
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10481/36533
dc.description.abstractRecently, in the context of the Integrated Water Resources Management, demand policies are playing a more important role as opposed to traditional supply policies based on the construction of large hydraulic infrastructures. In this new context, water tariffs have become an important tool in achieving economic efficiency, environmental sustainability, and social equity. This paper reviews the situation of urban water tariffs in Spain, a country subject to high water stress. It analyzes the capacity of urban water tariffs to recover service costs and to promote efficiency, sustainability, affordability, and equity. Although it has made significant progress in recent years, the Spanish urban water tariff system still faces many challenges. Many of these challenges would be better addressed by a national independent regulatory body.es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipThe authors also gratefully acknowledge the financial support from the following Spanish institutions: the Consejería de Economía, Innovación, Ciencia y Empleo from the Government of Andalusia (P11-SEJ-7039), the Spanish Ministry of Economics and Competitiveness of Spain (Project ECO2012‐32189), and the CEI BioTIC program from Universidad de Granada (mP_CP_3). Finally, the authors acknowledge the assistance granted under the Programa de Fortalecimiento de las Capacidades de I + D + i, jointly funded by the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) and the Junta de Andalucía (The Regional Government).es_ES
dc.language.isoenges_ES
dc.publisherMDPIes_ES
dc.subjectWater pricinges_ES
dc.subjectUrban water serviceses_ES
dc.subjectCost recoveryes_ES
dc.subjectEfficiency and sustainabilityes_ES
dc.subjectAffordabilityes_ES
dc.subjectFairness and equityes_ES
dc.subjectSpaines_ES
dc.titleUrban Water Tariffs in Spain: What Needs to Be Done?es_ES
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/articlees_ES
dc.rights.accessRightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccesses_ES
dc.identifier.doi10.3390/w7041456


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