miRNA in situ hybridization in circulating tumor cells - MishCTC
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AuthorOrtega, Francisco G.; Lorente Acosta, José Antonio; García Puche, José Luis; Ruiz, María P.; Sánchez Martín, Rosario María; Miguel-Pérez, Diego de; Díaz Mochón, Juan José; Serrano Fernández, María José
Nature Publishing Group
Ortega, F.G.; et al. miRNA in situ hybridization in circulating tumor cells - MishCTC. Scientific Reports, 5: 9207 (2015). [http://hdl.handle.net/10481/35704]
SponsorshipJJDM thanks the Spanish Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad for a Ramón y Cajal Fellowship (Grant CTQ2012-34778). This research was partially supported by Marie Curie Career Integration Grants within the 7th European Community Framework Program (FP7-PEOPLE-2011-CIG-Project Number 294142 to RMSM and FP7-PEOPLE-2012-CIG-Project Number 322276 toJJDM). Thisresearch wasalso partially supported by Consejeria de Salud de la Junta de Andalucı ́ a (PI0294-2012).
irculating tumor cells (CTCs) must be phenotypically and genetically characterized before they can be utilized in clinical applications. Here, we present the first protocol for the detection of miRNAs in CTCs using in situ hybridization (ISH) combined with immunomagnetic selection based on cytokeratin (CK) expression and immunocytochemistry. Locked-Nucleic Acid (LNA) probes associated with an enzyme-labeled fluorescence (ELF) signal amplification approach were used to detect miRNA-21 in CTCs. This protocol was optimized using both epithelial tumor (MDA-MB468) and epithelial non-tumor (MCF-10A) cell lines, and miRNA-21 was selected as the target miRNA because of its known role as an onco-miRNA. Hematopoietic cells do not express miRNA-21; thus, miRNA-21 is an ideal marker for detecting CTCs. Peripheral blood samples were taken from 25 cancer patients and these samples were analyzed using our developed protocol. Of the 25 samples, 11 contained CTCs. For all 11 CTC-positive samples, the isolated CTCs expressed both CK and miRNA-21. Finally, the protocol was applied to monitor miRNA-21 expression in epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT)-induced MCF-7 cells, an epithelial tumor cell line. CK expression was lost in these cells, whereas miRNA-21 was still expressed, suggesting that miRNA-21 might be a good marker for detecting CTCs with an EMT phenotype.