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dc.contributor.authorSaldivia, Sandra
dc.contributor.authorRunte Geidel, Ariadne
dc.contributor.authorGrandón, Pamela
dc.contributor.authorTorres González, Francisco
dc.contributor.authorXavier, Miguel
dc.contributor.authorAntonioli, Claudio
dc.contributor.authorBallester, Dinarte
dc.contributor.authorMelipillán, Roberto
dc.contributor.authorGalende, Emiliano
dc.contributor.authorVicente, Benjamín
dc.contributor.authorCaldas, José Miguel
dc.contributor.authorKillaspy, Helen
dc.contributor.authorGibbons, Rachel
dc.contributor.authorKing, Michael
dc.date.accessioned2015-02-27T10:39:28Z
dc.date.available2015-02-27T10:39:28Z
dc.date.issued2014
dc.identifier.citationSaldivia, S.; et al. The Maristán stigma scale: a standardized international measure of the stigma of schizophrenia and other psychoses. BMC Psychiatry, 14: 182 (2014). [http://hdl.handle.net/10481/34984]es_ES
dc.identifier.issn1471-244X
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10481/34984
dc.description.abstractBackground: People with schizophrenia face prejudice and discrimination from a number of sources including professionals and families. The degree of stigma perceived and experienced varies across cultures and communities. We aimed to develop a cross-cultural measure of the stigma perceived by people with schizophrenia.es_ES
dc.description.abstractMethod: Items for the scale were developed from qualitative group interviews with people with schizophrenia in six countries. The scale was then applied in face-to-face interviews with 164 participants, 103 of which were repeated after 30 days. Principal Axis Factoring and Promax rotation evaluated the structure of the scale; Horn’s parallel combined with bootstrapping determined the number of factors; and intra-class correlation assessed test-retest reliability.es_ES
dc.description.abstractResults: The final scale has 31 items and four factors: informal social networks, socio-institutional, health professionals and self-stigma. Cronbach’s alpha was 0.84 for the Factor 1; 0.81 for Factor 2; 0.74 for Factor 3, and 0.75 for Factor 4. Correlation matrix among factors revealed that most were in the moderate range [0.31-0.49], with the strongest occurring between perception of stigma in the informal network and self-stigma and there was also a weaker correlation between stigma from health professionals and self-stigma. Test-retest reliability was highest for informal networks [ICC 0.76 [0.67 -0.83]] and self-stigma [ICC 0.74 [0.64-0.81]]. There were no significant differences in the scoring due to sex or age. Service users in Argentina had the highest scores in almost all dimensions.es_ES
dc.description.abstractConclusions: The MARISTAN stigma scale is a reliable measure of the stigma of schizophrenia and related psychoses across several cultures. A confirmatory factor analysis is needed to assess the stability of its factor structure.es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipWe are also grateful for support from the Pan-American Health Office (PAHO), Camden and Islington NHS Foundation Trust and University College London (UCL).es_ES
dc.language.isoenges_ES
dc.publisherBiomed Centrales_ES
dc.subjectStigmaes_ES
dc.subjectQuestionnairees_ES
dc.subjectPsychometrics es_ES
dc.subjectRating scale schizophreniaes_ES
dc.titleThe Maristán stigma scale: a standardized international measure of the stigma of schizophrenia and other psychoseses_ES
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/articlees_ES
dc.rights.accessRightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccesses_ES
dc.identifier.doi10.1186/1471-244X-14-182


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