Is it possible to become a nurse in a refugee camp?
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AuthorLópez-Entrambasaguas, Olga María; Linares Abad, Manuel; Calero García, María José; Martínez Linares, José Manuel
Nursing educationRefugee campInternational cooperation
Is it possible to become a nurse in a refugee camp?. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019,16, 3414 [https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16183414]
SponsorshipCTS-990; Funded by the ANDALUSIAN AGENCY FOR COOPERATION IN INTERNATIONALDEVELOPMENT, Junta de Andalucía, Spain, grant number: 2014DEC008
The history of the Western Sahara has been marked by several events that have contributed to the protracted refugee situation in which the Sahrawi people have found themselves since 1975: the Spanish colonization and the subsequent decolonization process, the armed struggles between the indigenous population and the states of Morocco and Mauritania to occupy Western Saharan territory, assassinations and repression of the Sahrawi population, and the economic interests of external agents with regards to mineral resources. Twenty-five years ago, in the hostile environment of the Sahrawi refugee camps, a nursing school was founded. Essentially depending on foreign aid, this school has been responsible for training nursing professionals to meet the healthcare needs of the population. The aim of this paper is to provide an approach to the origin and evolution of nursing education for the Sahrawi refugee camps. The Sahrawi are the only refugee camps in the world to host such nursing schools.