Hyperthermia-Triggered Gemcitabine Release from Polymer-Coated Magnetite Nanoparticles
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Biocompatible polymerDrug deliveryGemcitabineMagnetic HyperthermiaMagnetic nanoparticles
Iglesias, G. R. [et al.]. Hyperthermia-Triggered Gemcitabine Release from Polymer-Coated Magnetite Nanoparticles. Polymers 2018, 10, 269; doi:10.3390/polym10030269.
SponsorshipThis research work is supported by MINECO Ramón y Cajal programme (RYC-2014-16901); Junta de Andalucía (PE2012-FQM694) and Feder Funds UE.
In this work a combined, multifunctional platform, which was devised for the simultaneous application of magnetic hyperthermia and the delivery of the antitumor drug gemcitabine, is described and tested in vitro. The system consists of magnetite particles embedded in a polymer envelope, designed to make them biocompatible, thanks to the presence of poly (ethylene glycol) in the polymer shell. The commercial particles, after thorough cleaning, are provided with carboxyl terminal groups, so that at physiological pH they present negative surface charge. This was proved by electrophoresis, and makes it possible to electrostatically adsorb gemcitabine hydrochloride, which is the active drug of the resulting nanostructure. Both electrophoresis and infrared spectroscopy are used to confirm the adsorption of the drug. The gemcitabine-loaded particles are tested regarding their ability to release it while heating the surroundings by magnetic hyperthermia, in principle their chances as antitumor agents. The release, with first-order kinetics, is found to be faster when carried out in a thermostated bath at 43 ºC than at 37 ºC, as expected. But, the main result of this investigation is that while the particles retain their hyperthermia response, with reasonably high heating power, they release the drug faster and with zeroth-order kinetics when they are maintained at 43 ºC under the action of the alternating magnetic field used for hyperthermia.