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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10481/48480

Title: Performance Study of a Torsional Wave Sensor and Cervical Tissue Characterization
Authors: Callejas Zafra, Antonio Manuel
Gómez, Antonio
Melchor Rodríguez, Juan Manuel
Riveiro Taboada, Miguel Ángel
Massó, Paloma
Torres, Jorge
López-López, Modesto T.
Rus Carlborg, Guillermo
Issue Date: 11-Sep-2017
Abstract: A novel torsional wave sensor designed to characterize mechanical properties of soft tissues is presented in this work. Elastography is a widely used technique since the 1990s to map tissue stiffness. Moreover, quantitative elastography uses the velocity of shear waves to achieve the shear stiffness. This technique exhibits significant limitations caused by the difficulty of the separation between longitudinal and shear waves and the pressure applied while measuring. To overcome these drawbacks, the proposed torsional wave sensor can isolate a pure shear wave, avoiding the possibility of multiple wave interference. It comprises a rotational actuator disk and a piezoceramic receiver ring circumferentially aligned. Both allow the transmission of shear waves that interact with the tissue before being received. Experimental tests are performed using tissue mimicking phantoms and cervical tissues. One contribution is a sensor sensitivity study that has been conducted to evaluate the robustness of the new proposed torsional wave elastography (TWE) technique. The variables object of the study are both the applied pressure and the angle of incidence sensor–phantom. The other contribution consists of a cervical tissue characterization. To this end, three rheological models have fit the experimental data and a static independent testing method has been performed. The proposed methodology permits the reconstruction of the mechanical constants from the propagated shear wave, providing a proof of principle and warranting further studies to confirm the validity of the results.
Sponsorship: This research was supported by the Ministry of Education DPI2014-51870-R, DPI2010-17065 and UNGR15-CE-3664, Ministry of Health DTS15/00093 and PI16/00339, and Junta de Andalucía P11-CTS-8089 projects. Modesto T. López-López acknowledges financial support by the project FIS2013-41821-R (Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness, co-funded by the ERDF, European Union). We acknowledge the collaboration of the members of the Anatomical Pathology Unit of the University Hospital Complex of Granada. Finally, Antonio Callejas is grateful to the University of Granada for the award of an PhD fellowship.
Publisher: MDPI
Keywords: Torsional wave sensor
Tissue mimicking phantom
Cervical tissue
Rheological model
Rheometry experiment
Sensitivty study
Complex shear modulus
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10481/48480
ISSN: 1424-8220
Citation: Callejas Zafra, A.M.; et al. Performance Study of a Torsional Wave Sensor and Cervical Tissue Characterization. Sensors, 17(9): 2078 (2017). [http://hdl.handle.net/10481/48480]
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