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Title: Fundamental obstacles to modernization in precolonial Morocco: Geography, institutions and culture
Authors: Elharti, Mehdi
Direction: Caruana de las Cagigas, Leonardo
Collaborator: Universidad de Granada. Departamento de Teoría e Historia Económica
Issue Date: 2017
Submitted Date: 12-Jun-2017
Abstract: This thesis develops on previous work on Moroccan economic history as it attempts to analyze the fundamental causes of Morocco’s precolonial stagnation. For this purpose, I examine the various modernization programs attempted by Moroccan sultans in the second half of the 19th century. Two particular questions guide my research: 1) Has the failure to modernize resulted from the colonial pressures exercised by European powers to weaken the country? 2) Has the failure of modernization been the result of endogenous factors that pertain to Morocco’s geography, institutions and culture? The analysis identifies five central factors that stood in the way of modernization:
- demographic inferiority as a result of recurring famines and epidemics
- the predatory nature of the central government
- the complacency of the religious establishment and its reactionary attitude toward Western-inspired modernization
- the tribal structure of rural society
- the harsh war indemnities imposed by Spain and the system of consular protection which weakened public finances and exacerbated the tax burden on peasants leading to rural rebellions
The five factors serve as a guiding map in constructing Morocco’s precolonial economic stagnation. They help narrow and organize a broad spectrum of issues in the inquiry. Furthermore, I use the five factors to turn the analysis of failed modernization into a dynamic approach rather than an abstract a-historical discussion.
Sponsorship: Tesis Univ. Granada. Programa Oficial de Doctorado en: Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales
Publisher: Universidad de Granada
Keywords: Marruecos
Desarrollo económico y social
Política internacional
UDC: 33
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10481/48472
ISBN: 9788491635833
Rights : Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 License
Citation: Elharti, M. Fundamental obstacles to modernization in precolonial Morocco: Geography, institutions and culture. Granada: Universidad de Granada, 2017. [http://hdl.handle.net/10481/48472]
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