Plume-subduction interaction forms large auriferous provinces
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AutorTassara, Santiago; González-Jiménez, José María; Reich, Martin; Schilling, Manuel E.; Morata, Diego; Begg, Graham; Saunders, Edward; Griffin, William L.; O'Reilly, Suzanne Y.; Grégoire, Michel; Barra, Fernando; Corgne, Alexandre
Nature Publishing Group
Tassara, S.; et al. Plume-subduction interaction forms large auriferous provinces. Nature Communications, 8: 843 (2017). [http://hdl.handle.net/10481/47922]
PatrocinadorFunding for this study has been provided by Millennium Science Initiative through Millennium Nucleus for Metal Tracing along Subduction Grant NC130065. Additional support was provided by FONDAP project 15090013 ‘Centro de Excelencia en Geotermia de Los Andes, CEGA’, FONDECYT projects #11140005 and #1140780, and DID-UACh project #S-2015-52. Additional funding for LA-ICP-MS analyses of sulfides at Macquarie University was provided by RYC-2015-17596. Minerals Targeting International Pty Ltd is acknowledged for providing directions regarding suitable sample sites for gold-bearing xenoliths. S.T. thanks CONICYT 21170857 for providing support through a PhD scholarship.
Gold enrichment at the crustal or mantle source has been proposed as a key ingredient in the production of giant gold deposits and districts. However, the lithospheric-scale processes controlling gold endowment in a given metallogenic province remain unclear. Here we provide the first direct evidence of native gold in the mantle beneath the Deseado Massif in Patagonia that links an enriched mantle source to the occurrence of a large auriferous province in the overlying crust. A precursor stage of mantle refertilisation by plume-derived melts generated a gold-rich mantle source during the Early Jurassic. The interplay of this enriched mantle domain and subduction-related fluids released during the Middle-Late Jurassic resulted in optimal conditions to produce the ore-forming magmas that generated the gold deposits. Our study highlights that refertilisation of the subcontinental lithospheric mantle is a key factor in forming large metallogenic provinces in the Earth’s crust, thus providing an alternative view to current crust-related enrichment models.