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Title: Distribution, abundance and genetic structure of Parnassius apollo in Sierra Nevada
Other Titles: Distribución, abundancia y estructura genética de Parnassius apollo en Sierra Nevada
Authors: Mira Pérez, Óscar
Direction: Martínez Suárez, Juan Gabriel
Tinaut Ranera, Alberto
Collaborator: Universidad de Granada. Programa Oficial de Doctorado en Biología Fundamental y de Sistemas
Issue Date: 2017
Submitted Date: 23-Jun-2017
Abstract: Butterflies have been traditionally studied due to their sensitivity to climate and even more nowadays because of their vulnerability to climate change. Parnassius apollo (Linnaeus, 1758) is a papilionid (Lepidoptera) with a patchy distribution in the Palearctic ; it normally inhabits cold meadows and in the South of its distribution we found it isolated in mountain habitats. As a glacial relict it is even more sensitive to global warming, and in the last decades its populations have shown changes in their distribution, decline in their abundance and even extinction. The populations of Parnassius apollo are locally small, and in the case of the iberian subspecies that inhabit in high mountain habitat, there is a documented elevation in their distribution range as a response to the increase of temperatures, that could be restricting the gene flow between patches. Small and isolated populations are typically characterized by low genetic diversity, as a result of the combined action of processes such as genetic drift and inbreeding that would deteriorate the evolutionary potential and long-term viability of the species. Parnassius apollo nevadensis is the perfect example of a glacial relict isolated in high mountain habitat, and a perfect model to study the effects of habitat fragmentation and climate change.
Sponsorship: Tesis Univ. Granada. Programa Oficial de Doctorado en Biología Fundamental y de Sistemas
La investigación contenida en esta tesis se enmarca dentro del proyecto de Excelencia P08-RNM-03820 con financiación de la Junta de Andalucía.
Publisher: Universidad de Granada
Keywords: Lepidópteros
Parnassius apollo
Papiliónidos
Mariposas
Cambio climático
Sierra Nevada (España)
Aspectos moleculares
Fisiología
Genética
Comunidades bióticas
Marcadores bioquímicos
UDC: 595.7
240115
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10481/47399
ISBN: 9788491632986
Rights : Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 License
Citation: Mira Pérez, O. Distribution, abundance and genetic structure of Parnassius apollo in Sierra Nevada. Granada: Universidad de Granada, 2017. [http://hdl.handle.net/10481/47399]
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