A new conventional regression model to estimate hourly photosynthetic photon flux density under all sky conditions
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Global IrradianceSolar zenith angleClearness indexPhotosynthetic
SponsorshipAndalusia Regional Government. Grant Numbers: P11-RNM-7186, P12-RNM-2409; Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness. Grant Numbers: CGL2016-81092-R, CGL2013-45410-R, CGL2014-52838-C2-1-R; European Union's Horizon 2020 Research And Innovation Programme. Grant Number: 654109
In this work we propose a new and simple empirical model to estimate photosynthetic photon flux density under all sky conditions, developed using experimental measurements carried out at Granada, an urban site in Southeastern Spain during two recent years (2014-2015). The model uses the solar zenith angle and clearness index as input parameters, and thus needs only global irradiance measurements usually registered in most radiometric networks. Five stations located in the northern and southern hemisphere with different climatological characteristics at Europe, Asia and America (Spain, Japan and Argentina) were used to validate the model. The model provides satisfactory results, giving low mean bias error for all stations, particularly Mean Bias Error, MBE, being less than 1% in absolute values in three stations and Root Mean Square Error, RMSE, below 6% for all stations except one with 6.1%. These results show better accuracy in comparison to other earlier empirical models and suggest the effectiveness of the model by its general applicability.