Submicron-to-nanoscale structure characterization and organization of crystals in dentin bioapatites
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AutorToledano Pérez, Manuel; Aguilera, Fátima; Osorio Ruiz, Estrella; López-López, Modesto T.; Cabello Malagón, Inmaculada; Toledano-Osorio, Manuel; Osorio Ruiz, Raquel
Royal Society of Chemistry
TEMSound dentinXRDAmalgamCaries-affected dentin
Toledano Pérez, M.; Submicron-to-nanoscale structure characterization and organization of crystals in dentin bioapatites. RSC Advances, 6: 45265–45278 (2016). [http://hdl.handle.net/10481/46694]
PatrocinadorThis work was supported by grants MINECO/FEDERMAT2014- 52036-P and FIS2013-41821-R.
The aim of this research was to ascertain the crystal morphology, and to assess the ultrastructure and texture changes of sound (SD) and caries-affected dentin (CAD) after being restored with Zn-free and Zn-containing amalgam. Dentin surfaces were studied by X-ray diffraction (μXRD2), and Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) through selected area diffraction (SAED) and bright-field (BF) imaging. Crystals, at the dentin surface, were identified as hydroxyl-apatite with augmented crystallographic maturity, crystallite and grain sizes, and lower microstrain, in CAD dentin after Zn-containing amalgam removal, at 310 plane. This group, at this reflection, achieved lower microstrain than before amalgam placement. Opposed trend was followed at 002 reflection. Texture increased in CAD at both reflections, after the removal of Zn-containing amalgams. Crystallinity increased in SD after amalgam restorations at 002 and 310 reflections. In CAD, crystallinity decreased after amalgam restorations at 002 plane. Block-like and needle-like apatite crystals constituted the bulk of minerals in SD. Needle-like apatite crystals were observed, in CAD surfaces, before and after Zn-free amalgam restorations. Polyhedral and rounded drop-like shaped crystals characterized the CAD surfaces before Zn-containing amalgam placement. After the restoration removal, plate-like polygons and three-dimensional agglomerated crystals were determined. Crystallites, with improved crystallographic orientation, became shorter and thinner in CAD treated with Zn-containing amalgams, thus increasing mineralization and maturity.